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Infertility

Inability to conceive for at least one year after trying and having unprotected sex.

PubMed Health Glossary
(Source: NIH - National Cancer Institute)

About Infertility

Not being able to have children is often a source of great emotional turmoil. Many men and women take it for granted that they will be able to have children. If they are not able to conceive, most couples start looking for medical help at some point. A number of different treatments are available depending on the possible causes of infertility.

Problems conceiving a child are defined by medical experts as "infertility" if a couple has had regular unprotected sexual intercourse for one year without the woman becoming pregnant.

There are a number of different possible causes of infertility... Read more about Infertility

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Removal of endometrial polyps prior to infertility treatment

Cochrane authors investigated whether the removal of endometrial polyps in women presenting with subfertility was safe and whether it improved the chance of pregnancy.

Surgery versus IVF or expectant management for women with tubal infertility

Cochrane review authors investigated the effectiveness of fallopian tube surgery compared with in vitro fertilisation (IVF) or expectant management in overcoming infertility caused by tubal disease.

Intrauterine insemination versus fallopian tube sperm perfusion for non‐tubal infertility

Review question: This review compared intrauterine insemination versus fallopian tube sperm perfusion in the treatment of non‐tubal subfertility, for live birth and pregnancy outcomes.

See all (332)

Summaries for consumers

Infertility: Overview

Not being able to have children is often a source of great emotional turmoil. Many men and women take it for granted that they will be able to have children. If they are not able to conceive, many couples start looking for medical help at some point. A number of different treatments are available, depending on the possible causes of infertility.

Removal of endometrial polyps prior to infertility treatment

Cochrane authors investigated whether the removal of endometrial polyps in women presenting with subfertility was safe and whether it improved the chance of pregnancy.

Surgery versus IVF or expectant management for women with tubal infertility

Cochrane review authors investigated the effectiveness of fallopian tube surgery compared with in vitro fertilisation (IVF) or expectant management in overcoming infertility caused by tubal disease.

See all (107)

More about Infertility

Photo of an adult

Also called: Subfertility

See Also: Male Infertility

Other terms to know:
Fertilization (Conception)

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