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Anxiety

Feelings of fear, dread, and uneasiness that may occur as a reaction to stress. A person with anxiety may sweat, feel restless and tense, and have a rapid heart beat.

PubMed Health Glossary
(Source: NIH - National Cancer Institute)

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Do pharmacotherapies which reduce anxiety help smokers to quit

Anxiety can contribute to increased smoking, and may be a smoking withdrawal symptom. Medications to reduce anxiety (anxiolytics) may theoretically help smokers trying to quit. There have not been many trials, and none of them showed strong evidence of an effect on quitting.

Therapeutic touch for anxiety disorders

Anxiety disorders are a common occurrence in the general population and have considerable impact on quality of life. This review aimed to assess the effectiveness of therapeutic touch on anxiety disorders. However no randomised controlled trials investigating the effects of therapeutic touch for anxiety disorders were identified, and highlights the need for high quality randomised controlled trials on this topic.

Drug therapy for anxiety in palliative care

Anxiety is a common symptom in patients near the end of life. As with other areas of palliative care, the majority of available literature pertaining to drug therapy for anxiety is based on the reporting of anecdotes. A search of the international literature for randomised clinical trials in the area of drug therapy for symptoms of anxiety in palliative care yielded no results. As a consequence, it is not possible to assess the effectiveness of treatment options. It is hoped that this review will motivate future research in this area.

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Summaries for consumers

Do pharmacotherapies which reduce anxiety help smokers to quit

Anxiety can contribute to increased smoking, and may be a smoking withdrawal symptom. Medications to reduce anxiety (anxiolytics) may theoretically help smokers trying to quit. There have not been many trials, and none of them showed strong evidence of an effect on quitting.

Therapeutic touch for anxiety disorders

Anxiety disorders are a common occurrence in the general population and have considerable impact on quality of life. This review aimed to assess the effectiveness of therapeutic touch on anxiety disorders. However no randomised controlled trials investigating the effects of therapeutic touch for anxiety disorders were identified, and highlights the need for high quality randomised controlled trials on this topic.

Drug therapy for anxiety in palliative care

Anxiety is a common symptom in patients near the end of life. As with other areas of palliative care, the majority of available literature pertaining to drug therapy for anxiety is based on the reporting of anecdotes. A search of the international literature for randomised clinical trials in the area of drug therapy for symptoms of anxiety in palliative care yielded no results. As a consequence, it is not possible to assess the effectiveness of treatment options. It is hoped that this review will motivate future research in this area.

See all (516)

More about Anxiety

Photo of an adult woman

Also called: Anxiety reaction, Anxiousness

See Also: Anxiety Disorders

Other terms to know:
Blood Pressure, Pulse (Heart Rate), Sweat

Related articles:
Cancer: Anxiety and Distress

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