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Oppositional Defiant Disorder

A behavior disorder characterized by a persistent pattern of defiant, disobedient, and hostile behavior towards authority figures; a frequent loss of temper, arguing, becoming angry or vindictive, or other negative behaviors.

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(Source: NIH - National Cancer Institute)

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Oppositional defiant disorder: a systematic review of evidence of intervention effectiveness

Bibliographic details: Bradley M C, Mandell D.  Oppositional defiant disorder: a systematic review of evidence of intervention effectiveness. Journal of Experimental Criminology 2005; 1(3): 343-365

The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of parent training/education programmes for the treatment of conduct disorder, including oppositional defiant disorder, in children

The aim of this review was to assess the clinical and cost-effectiveness of parent training programmes for the treatment of children up to the age of 18 years, with conduct disorder (CD).

Non-pharmacological interventions for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) delivered in school settings: systematic reviews of quantitative and qualitative research

The study found some beneficial effects of non-pharmacological interventions for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder used in school settings, but substantial heterogeneity in effect sizes was seen across studies. The qualitative reviews demonstrate the importance of the context in which interventions are used.

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Summaries for consumers

Treating Disruptive Behavior Disorders in Children and Teens: A Review of the Research for Parents and Caregivers

This summary will answer these questions: What are disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs)? How are DBDs treated? » Psychosocial treatment (treatment with a trained therapist) » Medicines What have researchers found about treatments for DBDs? What are possible side effects of medicines for DBDs? What should I talk about with my child's or teen's health care professional?

Atypical antipsychotic drugs for disruptive behaviour disorders in children and youths

To review the effect and safety of atypical antipsychotics (which are newer‐generation major tranquillisers), compared to placebo (dummy pill), for treating disruptive behaviour disorders (e.g. defiance, disobedience, hostility) in children and youths.

Parent training for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children aged 5 to 18 years

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder. For a child to be diagnosed with ADHD, adults such as parents, carers, healthcare workers or teachers must have noticed higher levels of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity in the child before the age of seven years compared to children of similar age. The inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity must be observed in a range of situations, for a substantial period of time and cause impairment to the child’s learning or social development. Parent training programmes aim to equip parents with techniques to manage their child's 'difficult' or ADHD‐related behaviour (that is their inattention and hyperactivity‐impulsivity).

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See Also: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

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