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Childhood Brain Tumors

The growth of abnormal cells in the tissues of the brain. Brain tumors can be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer).

PubMed Health Glossary
(Source: NIH - National Cancer Institute)

About Childhood Brain Tumors

A childhood brain or spinal cord tumor is a disease in which abnormal cells form in the tissues of the brain or spinal cord.

There are many types of childhood brain and spinal cord tumors. The tumors are formed by the abnormal growth of cells and may begin in different areas of the brain or spinal cord.

The tumors may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). Benign brain tumors grow and press on nearby areas of the brain. They rarely spread into other tissues. Malignant brain tumors are likely to grow quickly and spread into other brain tissue. When a tumor grows into or presses on an area of the brain, it may stop that part of the brain from working the way it should. Both benign and malignant brain tumors can cause signs or symptoms and need treatment... Read more about Childhood Brain Tumors

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Quality of haematological and oncological care in children: Executive summary of final report V06-01, Version 1.0

The aim of the investigation was to evaluate the quality of current medical care in Germany for children with haemato-oncological diseases.

Suspected Cancer: Recognition and Referral

Cancer is an important condition, both in terms of the number of people affected and the impacts on those people and the people close to them. Around one third of a million new cancers are diagnosed annually in the UK, across over 200 different cancer types. Each of these cancer types has different presenting features, though there may be overlap. More than one third of the population will develop a cancer in their lifetime. Although there have been large advances in treatment and survival, with a half of cancer sufferers now living at least ten years after diagnosis, it remains the case that more than a quarter of all people alive now will die of cancer.

Constipation in Children and Young People: Diagnosis and Management of Idiopathic Childhood Constipation in Primary and Secondary Care

Without early diagnosis and treatment, an acute episode of constipation can lead to anal fissure and become chronic. By the time the child or young person is seen they may be in a vicious cycle. Children and young people and their families are often given conflicting advice and practice is inconsistent, making treatment potentially less effective and frustrating for all concerned. Early identification of constipation and effective treatment can improve outcomes for children and young people. This guideline provides strategies based on the best available evidence to support early identification, positive diagnosis and timely, effective management. Implementation of this guideline will provide a consistent, coordinated approach and will improve outcomes for children and young people.

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Summaries for consumers

Cancer-Related Post-traumatic Stress (PDQ®): Patient Version

Shock, fear, helplessness, or horror can be felt by cancer patients at any time and lead to cancer-related post-traumatic stress. Learn about the causes and ways doctors can help manage these symptoms of distress in this expert-reviewed summary.

Grief, Bereavement, and Coping With Loss (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed report about grief, bereavement, and feelings of loss in survivors of someone who has died of cancer. Grief in children is also discussed.

Childhood Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors Treatment Overview (PDQ®): Patient Version

Brain and spinal cord tumors may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). Both types cause signs or symptoms and need treatment. Get information about the many kinds of brain and spinal cord tumors, signs and symptoms, tests to diagnose, and treatment in this expert-reviewed summary.

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Terms to know

The part of the central nervous system that is contained within the skull (cranium).
Cancer (Malignant Neoplasm)
A term for diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and can invade nearby tissues. Cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body.
Neoplasm (Tumor)
An abnormal mass of tissue that results when cells divide more than they should or do not die when they should. Neoplasms may be benign (not cancer), or malignant (cancer). Also called tumor.
Spinal Cord
A column of nerve tissue that runs from the base of the skull down the back. It is surrounded by three protective membranes, and is enclosed within the vertebrae (back bones). The spinal cord and the brain make up the central nervous system, and spinal cord nerves carry most messages between the brain and the rest of the body.

More about Childhood Brain Tumors

Photo of a child

Also called: Childhood brain tumours

Other terms to know: See all 4
Brain, Cancer (Malignant Neoplasm), Neoplasm (Tumor)

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