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Vaginitis

Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina. It is often caused by infections, some of which are associated with serious diseases. The most common vaginal infections are bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis, and vaginal yeast infection.

PubMed Health Glossary
(Source: NIH - National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases)

About Vaginitis

Vaginitis is often caused by infections. Some vaginal infections are passed through sexual contact. Some infections occur if there is a change in the balance of organisms normally found in the vagina.

In about 90% of affected women, vaginitis is caused by one of these types of infection:

Vaginitis has other causes, too. For instance, some women are sensitive or allergic to vaginal sprays, douches, spermicides, soaps, detergents, and fabric softeners....Read more about Vaginitis
NIH - National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Antenatal lower genital tract infection screening and treatment programs for preventing preterm delivery

A genital tract infection during pregnancy can cross into the amniotic fluid and result in prelabour rupture of the membranes and preterm labour. Preterm birth (before 37 weeks of gestation) is associated with poor infant health, death, admission of the newborn to neonatal intensive care in the first few weeks of life, prolonged hospital stay and long‐term neurologic disability including cerebral palsy.

Nitroimidazole drugs are effective in the treatment of trichomoniasis in women.

Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection that affects about 120 million women worldwide every year. This review examines the effectiveness of various treatments and found that oral nitroimidazole drugs are effective in treating trichomoniasis in women.

Interventions for trichomoniasis in pregnancy

Metronidazole is effective against a trichomoniasis infection during pregnancy, but may increase the risk of preterm and low birthweight babies.

See all (34)

Summaries for consumers

Antenatal lower genital tract infection screening and treatment programs for preventing preterm delivery

A genital tract infection during pregnancy can cross into the amniotic fluid and result in prelabour rupture of the membranes and preterm labour. Preterm birth (before 37 weeks of gestation) is associated with poor infant health, death, admission of the newborn to neonatal intensive care in the first few weeks of life, prolonged hospital stay and long‐term neurologic disability including cerebral palsy.

Nitroimidazole drugs are effective in the treatment of trichomoniasis in women.

Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection that affects about 120 million women worldwide every year. This review examines the effectiveness of various treatments and found that oral nitroimidazole drugs are effective in treating trichomoniasis in women.

Interventions for trichomoniasis in pregnancy

Metronidazole is effective against a trichomoniasis infection during pregnancy, but may increase the risk of preterm and low birthweight babies.

See all (9)

More about Vaginitis

Photo of a young adult woman

Also called: Vulvovaginitis

See Also: Bacterial Vaginosis, Vaginal Candidiasis, Trichomoniasis

Other terms to know:
Bacterial Infections, Fungal Infections

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