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Asbestosis

A lung disease caused by breathing in particles of asbestos (a group of minerals that take the form of tiny fibers). Symptoms include coughing, trouble breathing, and chest pain caused by scarring and permanent damage to lung tissue.

PubMed Health Glossary
(Source: NIH - National Cancer Institute)

About Asbestosis

In this condition, the lung tissue becomes scarred. People who have asbestosis are at greater risk for lung cancer, especially if they smoke. NIH - National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Exercise training for dust‐related respiratory diseases

There are very few treatments available for people with dust‐related respiratory diseases. Exercise training in other chronic respiratory diseases helps to improve exercise capacity and quality of life. However, exercise training for people with dust‐related respiratory diseases has not been examined well.

Diagnosis and Management of Suspected Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis [Internet]

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive fibrotic interstitial lung disease (ILD) of unknown origin. It is a difficult disease to diagnose and often requires the collaborative expertise of a chest physician, radiologist and histopathologist to reach a consensus diagnosis. Most people with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis experience symptoms of breathlessness, which may initially be only on exertion. Cough, with or without sputum is a common symptom. Over time, these symptoms are associated with a decline in lung function, reduced quality of life and ultimately death. Specific pharmacological therapies for IPF are limited but the last decade has seen more trials of new drugs which have had a variable impact on clinical practice. A number of difficulties arise when undertaking clinical trials in IPF in terms of defining precise, diagnostic inclusion criteria and clinically meaningful end-points. However, such trials are the only way by which promising new treatments will come to benefit patients. Furthermore, it is only by performing rigorous clinical trials, we have learned that drugs once widely used to treat IPF may in fact have been harmful. The limitations of current pharmacological therapies for IPF highlight the importance of other forms of treatment including lung transplantation and best supportive care such as oxygen therapy, pulmonary rehabilitation and palliation of symptoms. These are interventions which justifiably require scrutiny in the context of healthcare delivery by the modern NHS. Despite the significant burden of disease caused by IPF, there is currently no established framework within the NHS for its diagnosis and management thus creating an environment in which significant variations in clinical care may occur. In recognition of this, the Department of Health commissioned the National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) to produce a guideline aimed at improving the care of people with IPF.

Screening for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Systematic Evidence Review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force [Internet]

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death in the United States.

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Summaries for consumers

Exercise training for dust‐related respiratory diseases

There are very few treatments available for people with dust‐related respiratory diseases. Exercise training in other chronic respiratory diseases helps to improve exercise capacity and quality of life. However, exercise training for people with dust‐related respiratory diseases has not been examined well.

Terms to know

Cough
A cough is a natural reflex that protects your lungs. Coughing helps clear your airways of lung irritants, such as smoke and mucus (a slimy substance).
Lung Cancer
Cancer that forms in tissues of the lung, usually in the cells lining air passages. The two main types are small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. These types are diagnosed based on how the cells look under a microscope.
Lungs
One of a pair of organs in the chest that supplies the body with oxygen, and removes carbon dioxide from the body.
Pulmonary
Having to do with the lungs.
Tissue
A group of cells that act together to carry out a specific function in the body. Examples include muscle tissue, nervous system tissue (including the brain, spinal cord, and nerves), and connective tissue (including ligaments, tendons, bones, and fat). Organs are made up of tissues.

More about Asbestosis

Photo of an adult man

Also called: Amianthosis, Asbestos pneumoconiosis, Pulmonary asbestosis

Other terms to know: See all 5
Cough, Lung Cancer, Lungs

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