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Leg Varicose Veins: Treatments

Varicose veins are swollen, twisted veins that you can see just under the surface of the skin. These veins usually occur in the legs.

PubMed Health Glossary
(Source: NIH - National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)

Treatments for Varicose Veins

Most people who have varicose veins try to manage the symptoms by wearing compression stockings. These special stockings are meant to help the veins transport blood by applying pressure to them.

If wearing compression stockings doesn't relieve the symptoms enough, surgical procedures may be considered.

Varicose veins can be surgically removed or closed off using a number of different techniques. Removing these veins doesn't affect the blood supply to the legs because the blood is then "re-directed" and transported by other, healthy veins instead... Read more about Leg Varicose Veins: Treatments

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Interventions for varicose veins and leg oedema in pregnancy

There is not enough evidence on treatments for varicose veins and leg oedema in pregnancy.

CHIVA method for the treatment of varicose veins

Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a disorder in which veins fail to pump blood back to the heart adequately. It can cause varicose veins, skin ulcers, and superficial or deep vein thrombosis in the legs. The ambulatory conservative hemodynamic correction of venous insufficiency (CHIVA) method is a minimally invasive surgical technique to treat varicose veins. The aim of the CHIVA treatment is to eliminate the venous‐venous shunts by disconnecting the escape points, preserving the saphenous vein and normal venous drainage of the superficial tissues of the limb.

Injection sclerotherapy for varicose veins

Varicose veins are enlarged, visibly lumpy knotted veins, usually in the legs. They can cause pain, burning discomfort, aching and itching as well as generalised aching, heaviness or swelling in the legs, cramps at night and restless leg syndrome. There is also little correlation between these symptoms and the extent or size of the varicose veins which, like minor venous abnormalities thread veins or venous flares, can be cosmetically unattractive. Wearing graduated compression stockings is one treatment option.

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Summaries for consumers

Interventions for varicose veins and leg oedema in pregnancy

There is not enough evidence on treatments for varicose veins and leg oedema in pregnancy.

CHIVA method for the treatment of varicose veins

Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a disorder in which veins fail to pump blood back to the heart adequately. It can cause varicose veins, skin ulcers, and superficial or deep vein thrombosis in the legs. The ambulatory conservative hemodynamic correction of venous insufficiency (CHIVA) method is a minimally invasive surgical technique to treat varicose veins. The aim of the CHIVA treatment is to eliminate the venous‐venous shunts by disconnecting the escape points, preserving the saphenous vein and normal venous drainage of the superficial tissues of the limb.

Injection sclerotherapy for varicose veins

Varicose veins are enlarged, visibly lumpy knotted veins, usually in the legs. They can cause pain, burning discomfort, aching and itching as well as generalised aching, heaviness or swelling in the legs, cramps at night and restless leg syndrome. There is also little correlation between these symptoms and the extent or size of the varicose veins which, like minor venous abnormalities thread veins or venous flares, can be cosmetically unattractive. Wearing graduated compression stockings is one treatment option.

See all (15)

More about Leg Varicose Veins: Treatments

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Other terms to know:
Blood Vessels, Thrombosis, Veins

Related articles:
How Blood Circulation Works
Surgery Outcomes for Varicose Veins

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