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Noninvasive

In medicine, it describes a procedure that does not require inserting an instrument through the skin or into a body opening. In cancer, it describes disease that has not spread outside the tissue in which it began.

PubMed Health Glossary
(Source: NIH - National Cancer Institute)

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Use of noninvasive ventilation (a mask ventilator) holds promise as a method to make it easier to remove adults from conventional ventilators.

Patients with acute respiratory failure frequently require endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation (invasive positive‐pressure ventilation) to sustain life. Complications of mechanical ventilation include respiratory muscle weakness, upper airway injury, ventilator‐associated pneumonia, sinusitis and associated death. For these reasons, it is important to minimize the duration of mechanical ventilation. Noninvasive positive‐pressure ventilation is achieved with an oronasal, nasal or total face mask connected to a positive‐pressure ventilator and does not require an indwelling artificial airway.

[Noninvasive assessment of postural scoliosis: a systematic review]

Bibliographic details: Sedrez JA, Candotti CT.  [Noninvasive assessment of postural scoliosis: a systematic review]. Motricidade 2013; 9(4): 100-111 Available from: http://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/949

Noninvasive Diagnostic Techniques for the Detection of Skin Cancers [Internet]

Cancers of the skin are the most common forms of cancer. Timely diagnosis and treatment are critical to reducing the rates of morbidity and mortality. Newer noninvasive imaging technologies may assist with earlier detection.

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Summaries for consumers

Use of noninvasive ventilation (a mask ventilator) holds promise as a method to make it easier to remove adults from conventional ventilators.

Patients with acute respiratory failure frequently require endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation (invasive positive‐pressure ventilation) to sustain life. Complications of mechanical ventilation include respiratory muscle weakness, upper airway injury, ventilator‐associated pneumonia, sinusitis and associated death. For these reasons, it is important to minimize the duration of mechanical ventilation. Noninvasive positive‐pressure ventilation is achieved with an oronasal, nasal or total face mask connected to a positive‐pressure ventilator and does not require an indwelling artificial airway.

Noninvasive Treatments for Low Back Pain: A Summary of the Research for Adults

This summary will answer these questions: What is low back pain? How is low back pain treated? » Medicines » Nonmedicine treatments such as heat, exercise, and massage What have researchers found about treatments for low back pain? What are possible side effects of medicines to treat low back pain? What should I discuss with my health care professional about treating my low back pain?

Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation for acute respiratory failure following upper abdominal surgery

The goal of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) (continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or bilevel NPPV) compared with oxygen therapy alone in adults with acute respiratory failure after upper abdominal surgery.

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