Home > Health A – Z > Aerobic Exercise

Aerobic Exercise

Physical activity that increases the heart rate and the body's use of oxygen. It helps improve a person's physical fitness.

PubMed Health Glossary
(Source: NIH - National Cancer Institute)

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Aerobic exercise for women during pregnancy

Regular aerobic exercise during pregnancy appears to improve physical fitness, but the evidence is insufficient to infer important risks or benefits for the mother or baby.

Aerobic exercise for adults living with HIV/AIDS

Performing aerobic exercise or a combination of aerobic exercise and resistive exercise for at least 20 minutes, at least three times per week for at least five weeks appears to be safe and may improve fitness, body composition, and well‐being for adults living with HIV.

Aerobic exercise to improve cognitive function in older people without known cognitive impairment

Aerobic exercise is beneficial for healthy ageing. It has been suggested that the increased fitness brought about by aerobic exercise may help to maintain good cognitive function in older age. We looked for randomised controlled trials of aerobic exercise programmes for people over the age of 55 years, without pre‐existing cognitive problems, which measured effects on both fitness and cognition. The aerobic exercise programmes could be compared with no intervention (e.g. being on a waiting list for the exercise group) or with other kinds of activity (including non‐aerobic exercises such as strength or balance exercises, or social activities).

See all (2925)

Summaries for consumers

Aerobic exercise for women during pregnancy

Regular aerobic exercise during pregnancy appears to improve physical fitness, but the evidence is insufficient to infer important risks or benefits for the mother or baby.

Aerobic exercise for adults living with HIV/AIDS

Performing aerobic exercise or a combination of aerobic exercise and resistive exercise for at least 20 minutes, at least three times per week for at least five weeks appears to be safe and may improve fitness, body composition, and well‐being for adults living with HIV.

Aerobic exercise to improve cognitive function in older people without known cognitive impairment

Aerobic exercise is beneficial for healthy ageing. It has been suggested that the increased fitness brought about by aerobic exercise may help to maintain good cognitive function in older age. We looked for randomised controlled trials of aerobic exercise programmes for people over the age of 55 years, without pre‐existing cognitive problems, which measured effects on both fitness and cognition. The aerobic exercise programmes could be compared with no intervention (e.g. being on a waiting list for the exercise group) or with other kinds of activity (including non‐aerobic exercises such as strength or balance exercises, or social activities).

See all (619)

More about Aerobic Exercise

Photo of an adult

Keep up with systematic reviews on Aerobic Exercise:

Create RSS

PubMed Health Blog...

read all...