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Resistance Training (Strength Training)

Strength exercises build muscle, and even very small changes in muscle strength can make a real difference in your ability to perform everyday activities like carrying groceries.

PubMed Health Glossary
(Source: NIH - National Institute on Aging and National Library of Medicine)

About Resistance Training

A type of strength-building exercise program that requires the body muscle to exert a force against some form of resistance, such as weight, stretch bands, water, or immovable objects. Resistance exercise is a combination of static and dynamic contractions involving shortening and lengthening of skeletal muscles. NIH - National Library of Medicine

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Self-Harm: Longer-Term Management

This is the first NICE guideline on the longer-term management of both single and recurrent episodes of self-harm.

The effect of resistance training on disablement outcomes: a meta-analysis

Bibliographic details: Huber G M.  The effect of resistance training on disablement outcomes: a meta-analysis. Chicago, IL, USA: University of Illinois at Chicago. 2005

Resistance training (such as weight‐lifting) for fibromyalgia

What problems does fibromyalgia cause? People with fibromyalgia have chronic, widespread body pain, and often have fatigue (feeling tired), stiffness, depression and problems sleeping.

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Summaries for consumers

Resistance training (such as weight‐lifting) for fibromyalgia

What problems does fibromyalgia cause? People with fibromyalgia have chronic, widespread body pain, and often have fatigue (feeling tired), stiffness, depression and problems sleeping.

Progressive resistance strength training for improving physical function in older adults

Older people generally lose muscle strength as they age. This reduction in muscle strength and associated weakness means that older people are more likely to have problems carrying out their daily activities and to fall. Progressive resistance training (PRT) is a type of exercise where participants exercise their muscles against some type of resistance that is progressively increased as their strength improves. The exercise is usually conducted two to three times a week at moderate to high intensity by using exercise machines, free weights, or elastic bands.This review sets out to examine if PRT can help to improve physical function and muscle strength in older people.

Physical fitness training for stroke survivors

We reviewed the evidence that examines whether physical fitness training is beneficial for a range of health and function outcomes in people with stroke.

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More about Resistance Training

Photo of an adult

Also called: Strength exercise, Strengthening exercises

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