Home > Health A – Z > Jaundice

Jaundice

A condition in which the skin and the whites of the eyes become yellow, urine darkens, and the color of stool becomes lighter than normal. Jaundice occurs when the liver is not working properly or when a bile duct is blocked.

PubMed Health Glossary
(Source: NIH - National Cancer Institute)

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Early intravenous nutrition for the prevention of neonatal jaundice

Plain language summary will be included with future review update.

Antenatal phenobarbital for reducing neonatal jaundice after red cell isoimmunization

Inadequate evidence on antenatal use of phenobarbital for reducing jaundice in babies born to mothers whose blood is incompatible with the baby's blood.

Fibreoptic phototherapy for neonatal jaundice

A single fibreoptic phototherapy device is less effective at treating neonatal jaundice than conventional phototherapy, except in preterm infants in whom it is equally effective. Newborn infants often develop jaundice, which is concerning as unconjugated serum bilirubin can damage the developing brain. Since the 1960s, jaundice has been treated with phototherapy, for which the infants have to be naked in a crib with their eyes covered. Fibreoptic phototherapy is a new type of phototherapy in which the light is applied directly to the skin of the infant via optical fibres, enabling the infants to be nursed fully clothed near to their parents. This review has shown that fibreoptic phototherapy is less effective than conventional phototherapy, except in preterm infants in whom it is equally effective.

See all (160)

Summaries for consumers

Early intravenous nutrition for the prevention of neonatal jaundice

Plain language summary will be included with future review update.

Antenatal phenobarbital for reducing neonatal jaundice after red cell isoimmunization

Inadequate evidence on antenatal use of phenobarbital for reducing jaundice in babies born to mothers whose blood is incompatible with the baby's blood.

Fibreoptic phototherapy for neonatal jaundice

A single fibreoptic phototherapy device is less effective at treating neonatal jaundice than conventional phototherapy, except in preterm infants in whom it is equally effective. Newborn infants often develop jaundice, which is concerning as unconjugated serum bilirubin can damage the developing brain. Since the 1960s, jaundice has been treated with phototherapy, for which the infants have to be naked in a crib with their eyes covered. Fibreoptic phototherapy is a new type of phototherapy in which the light is applied directly to the skin of the infant via optical fibres, enabling the infants to be nursed fully clothed near to their parents. This review has shown that fibreoptic phototherapy is less effective than conventional phototherapy, except in preterm infants in whom it is equally effective.

See all (66)

Terms to know

Bile
Fluid made by the liver and stored in the gallbladder that helps break down fats and get rid of wastes in the body.
Bile Ducts
Tubes that carry bile from the liver to the gallbladder for storage and to the small intestine for use in digestion.
Bilirubin
A reddish-yellow substance formed when hemoglobin breaks down. Bilirubin is found in bile and blood and is normally passed in stool. Too much bilirubin accumulating in the blood is the cause of jaundice.
Erythrocytes (Red Blood Cells)
A cell that carries oxygen to all parts of the body.
Liver
The largest abdominal organ. The liver carries out many important functions, such as making important blood proteins and bile, changing food into energy, and cleaning alcohol and poisons from the blood.
Urine
Liquid waste product filtered from the blood by the kidneys, stored in the bladder, and expelled from the body by the act of urinating.

More about Jaundice

Photo of an adult woman

See Also: Hyperbilirubinemia

Other terms to know: See all 6
Bile, Bile Ducts, Bilirubin

Keep up with systematic reviews on Jaundice:

Create RSS

PubMed Health Blog...

read all...