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Bivalirudin (By injection)

Prevents blood clots during angioplasty.

What works?

Learn more about the effects of these drugs. The most reliable research is summed up for you in our featured article.

Bivalirudin is used together with aspirin to decrease the clotting ability of the blood and to help prevent harmful clots from forming in the blood vessels. It is used in patients who are having certain heart and blood vessel procedures, such as coronary angioplasty. This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription… Read more
Brand names include
Angiomax, Bivalirudin Novaplus
Drug classes About this

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Relative efficacy of bivalirudin versus heparin monotherapy in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention: a network meta-analysis

In the absence of head-to-head clinical data, the objective of this study was to indirectly compare the efficacy and safety of a bivalirudin-based anticoagulation strategy with that of heparin monotherapy in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) intended for primary percutaneous coronary intervention. A systematic literature review was performed to identify randomized controlled trials to build a network of bivalirudin and heparin monotherapy strategies in STEMI patients using heparin, with glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor as a common reference strategy. At 30 days, the bivalirudin-based strategy was expected to result in lower mortality rates than heparin monotherapy (odds ratio [OR], 0.55; credible limit [CrL], 0.32-0.95). This relationship was sustained at 1 year. At 30 days, the risk for stroke (OR, 0.88; CrL, 0.37-2.13), myocardial infarction (OR, 0.79; CrL, 0.40-1.55), and thrombolysis in myocardial infarction major and minor bleedings (OR, 0.66; CrL, 0.45-0.98) tended to be numerically reduced with bivalirudin in comparison with heparin monotherapy. For patients with STEMI intended for primary percutaneous coronary intervention, bivalirudin is associated with lower mortality rates in comparison with heparin monotherapy. This study suggests that bivalirudin is more effective and safer than heparin monotherapy and should therefore be preferred over heparin monotherapy.

Bivalirudin versus heparin for percutaneous coronary intervention: an updated meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

AIMS: Given controversy over anticoagulation regimens for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), we performed an updated meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to compare bivalirudin versus heparin.

Bivalirudin versus heparin in patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention: a meta-analysis of randomised trials

Aims: Current recommendations on the use of bivalirudin in patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are mostly based on trials comparing bivalirudin versus heparin plus planned glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor (GPI). Whether bivalirudin is also superior to heparin alone is still not well established. This meta-analysis investigates the efficacy and safety of bivalirudin versus heparin in patients treated with PCI without planned use of GPI. Methods and results: Scientific databases and websites were searched for randomised controlled trials. The primary efficacy and safety outcomes were the 30-day incidence of death and major bleeding, respectively. The secondary outcomes were the 30-day incidence of myocardial infarction (MI), definite stent thrombosis (ST), urgent target vessel revascularisation (TVR), and overall death at the longest available follow-up. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) served as summary statistics. Ten trials were identified including a total of 18,065 PCI patients randomised to bivalirudin (n=9,033) versus heparin (n=9,032). At 30 days, bivalirudin versus heparin showed a comparable risk of death (1.09 [0.83-1.41], p=0.54), and MI (1.10 [0.83-1.46], p=0.50) with a trend towards a higher risk of urgent TVR (1.37 [0.96-1.96], p=0.08). The risk of major bleeding was lower with bivalirudin (0.57 [0.40-0.80], p=0.001) and the bleeding reduction was more evident when high doses of heparin were used as comparator (p for interaction <0.001). The risk of definite ST (2.09 [1.26-3.47], p=0.005) and, in particular, the risk of acute ST (3.48 [1.66-7.28], p<0.001) was increased by bivalirudin. Conclusions: Patients undergoing PCI randomised to therapy with either bivalirudin or heparin display a similar mortality. Bivalirudin as compared to heparin appears to reduce the risk of major bleeding at the expense of a higher risk of acute ST.

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