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Azilsartan (By mouth)

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Azilsartan is used alone or together with other medicines to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). High blood pressure adds to the workload of the heart and arteries. If it continues for a long time, the heart and arteries may not function properly. This can damage the blood vessels of the brain, heart, and kidneys, resulting in a stroke, heart failure, or kidney failure. Lowering blood… Read more
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What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of azilsartan therapy for blood pressure reduction

Although there have been a number of azilsartan trials, no meta-analysis of the findings has been conducted to date. We performed the first meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of azilsartan therapy for the reduction of blood pressure (BP) in patients with hypertension. MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched from the beginning of the records through March 2013 using web-based search engines (PubMed and OVID). Eligible studies were prospective randomized controlled trials of azilsartan (including azilsartan medoxomil) vs. any control therapy that reported clinic or 24-h mean BP as an outcome. For each study, data for the changes from baseline to final clinic systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) in both the azilsartan group and the control group were used to generate mean differences and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Of 27 potentially relevant articles screened initially, 7 reports of randomized trials of azilsartan or azilsartan medoxomil therapy enrolling a total of 6152 patients with hypertension were identified and included. Pooled analysis suggested a significant reduction in BP changes among patients randomized to 40 mg of azilsartan vs. control therapy (clinic SBP: -4.20 mm Hg; 95% CI: -6.05 to -2.35 mm Hg; P<0.00001; clinic DBP: -2.58 mm Hg; 95% CI: -3.69 to -1.48 mm Hg; P<0.00001; 24-h mean SBP: -3.33 mm Hg; 95% CI: -4.74 to -1.93 mm Hg; P<0.00001; 24-h mean DBP: -2.12 mm Hg; 95% CI: -2.74 to -1.49 mm Hg; P<0.00001). In conclusion, azilsartan therapy appears to provide a greater reduction in BP than control therapy in patients with hypertension.

Efficacy of azilsartan medoxomil with chlorthalidone in hypertension

Azilsartan medoxomil (AZL) is the most recently approved angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) for treating patients with hypertension. A fixed-dose combination product with AZL and the thiazide-like diuretic chlorthalidone (CLD) is now available to treat individuals who require additional blood pressure lowering. For this review, a literature search was conducted using MEDLINE and the keywords and MeSH terms azilsartan, azilsartan medoxomil, chlorthalidone, thiazide, blood pressure and hypertension. References for retrieved articles were also scanned for relevant citations. No language restrictions were used. AZL is structurally related to candesartan and has been shown to provide more potent angiotensin receptor antagonism versus other ARBs. CLD is a thiazide-like diuretic with a longer half-life and greater blood pressure lowering efficacy than hydrochlorothiazide. The combination of AZL plus CLD has superior efficacy to other ARBs alone or in combination with hydrochlorothiazide based on extensive evaluation in clinical trials. This superior efficacy is not offset by a large imbalance in clinically important adverse events.

Chronic Kidney Disease (Partial Update): Early Identification and Management of Chronic Kidney Disease in Adults in Primary and Secondary Care

The Renal National Service Framework (NSF), and the subsequent NICE Clinical Practice Guideline for early identification and management of adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in primary and secondary care (CG73), served to emphasise the change in focus in renal medicine from treatment of established kidney disease to earlier identification and prevention of kidney disease.

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