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Acyclovir Ointment (On the skin)

Treats skin disorders caused by the herpes virus, including genital herpes.

What works?

Learn more about the effects of these drugs. The most reliable research is summed up for you in our featured article.

Brand names include
Zovirax
Other forms
Between cheek and gum, By injection, By mouth, On the skin
Drug classes About this
Antiviral
Combinations including this drug

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Interventions for the management of oral ulcers in Behçet's disease

This review has been conducted to assess the effects of different interventions, administered systemically or topically, for the prevention or treatment of oral ulcers in people with Behçet's disease. The interventions could be compared with an alternative intervention, no intervention or the administration of a placebo.

Atopic Eczema in Children: Management of Atopic Eczema in Children from Birth up to the Age of 12 Years

Atopic eczema (atopic dermatitis) is a chronic inflammatory itchy skin condition that develops in early childhood in the majority of cases. It is typically an episodic disease of exacerbation (flares, which may occur as frequently as two or three per month) and remissions, except for severe cases where it may be continuous. Certain patterns of atopic eczema are recognised. In infants, atopic eczema usually involves the face and extensor surfaces of the limbs and, while it may involve the trunk, the napkin area is usually spared. A few infants may exhibit a discoid pattern (circular patches). In older children flexural involvement predominates, as in adults. Diagnostic criteria are discussed in Chapter 3. As with other atopic conditions, such as asthma and allergic rhinitis (hay fever), atopic eczema often has a genetic component. In atopic eczema, inherited factors affect the development of the skin barrier, which can lead to exacerbation of the disease by a large number of trigger factors, including irritants and allergens. Many cases of atopic eczema clear or improve during childhood while others persist into adulthood, and some children who have atopic eczema `will go on to develop asthma and/or allergic rhinitis; this sequence of events is sometimes referred to as the ‘atopic march’. The epidemiology of atopic eczema is considered in Chapter 5, and the impact of the condition on children and their families/caregivers is considered in Sections 4.2 and 4.3.

Clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of interventions for the treatment of anogenital warts: systematic review and economic evaluation

The study found that ablative techniques, in particular carbon dioxide (CO2) laser therapy, are generally associated with higher probabilities of complete clearance of anogenital warts at the end of treatment and that the treatment strategy of podophyllotoxin 0.5% solution followed by CO2 laser therapy is likely to be considered a cost-effective use of resources.

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Summaries for consumers

Interventions for the management of oral ulcers in Behçet's disease

This review has been conducted to assess the effects of different interventions, administered systemically or topically, for the prevention or treatment of oral ulcers in people with Behçet's disease. The interventions could be compared with an alternative intervention, no intervention or the administration of a placebo.

What are the treatment options for warts?

Warts are usually harmless and generally go away on their own after a few weeks or months. But they can be bothersome and unattractive. They may also be painful, especially on the feet. Various treatments can help warts go away faster. Warts are caused by human papillomaviruses (HPV), of which there are more than 100 different types. Warts are most common on your hands, feet, and face. They may also appear in the genital and anal area. This information does not cover the treatment of genital warts. Warts are particularly common in children and teenagers. They usually appear alone and often go away without treatment after a few weeks or months. So a lot of people decide not to have them treated and instead just wait until they disappear. But some people are unhappy and embarrassed about their warts, especially if they’re on a part of their body that others can easily see. And some have had a lot of warts for a long time. Many of them want an effective treatment. There are a number of different treatments that can improve the chances of getting rid of warts faster, but they do not always work. Warts on the soles of the feet are particularly hard to treat because they are sometimes pushed inward. No treatments have been proven to work here. Also, new warts may grow again after successful treatment because there might still be viruses in the skin cells. Warts are often treated with a salicylic acid solution or cryotherapy. These are also the best-studied treatments.

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