Home > Drugs A – Z > Meperidine

Meperidine

What works?

Learn more about the effects of these drugs. The most reliable research is summed up for you in our featured article.

By mouth

Meperidine is used to relieve moderate to severe pain. It belongs to the group of medicines called narcotic analgesics (pain medicines). Meperidine acts… Read more

Brand names include: Demerol, Demerol Hydrochloride

By injection

Meperidine injection is used to relieve moderate to severe pain. It belongs to the group of medicines called narcotic analgesics (pain medicines). Meperidine… Read more

Brand names include: Demerol, Demerol Hydrochloride

Drug classes About this
Analgesic, Anesthetic Adjunct

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

What is the best sedative technique for patients undergoing endoscopic cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)?

Patients have to be given medicines to make them adequately drowsy (sedated) or unconscious (anaesthetized) to tolerate the ERCP procedure. These medicines may be administered by anaesthetic or non‐anaesthetic healthcare personnel, and there is currently some debate as to who should administer these drugs to patients for ERCP procedures.

Nonsteroidal anti‐inflammatory drugs and opioids can significantly relieve the pain in acute renal colic, but opioids (especially pethidine) cause more adverse effects

Acute renal colic occurs when mineral or organic solids pass though the urinary tract and obstruct the urinary flow. It causes a sudden onset of severe pain, which radiates from the flank to the groin and requires immediate treatment with pain‐killers. It can also cause nausea, vomiting, hypertension and blood in the urine. Opioids and non‐steroidal anti‐inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used to reduce the pain. The review found that both NSAIDs and opioids significantly reduce the pain. People experienced more adverse effects, such as vomiting, when using opioids (particularly pethidine) than when using NSAIDs.

Local anaesthetic nerve block for pain management in labour

Most women find labour painful, although a few do not. Women who give birth more than once, can find very different levels of pain in their different labours. Women generally seek ways to help themselves cope with the labour, and some women look for additional help to manage the pain.

See all (71)

Summaries for consumers

What is the best sedative technique for patients undergoing endoscopic cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)?

Patients have to be given medicines to make them adequately drowsy (sedated) or unconscious (anaesthetized) to tolerate the ERCP procedure. These medicines may be administered by anaesthetic or non‐anaesthetic healthcare personnel, and there is currently some debate as to who should administer these drugs to patients for ERCP procedures.

Nonsteroidal anti‐inflammatory drugs and opioids can significantly relieve the pain in acute renal colic, but opioids (especially pethidine) cause more adverse effects

Acute renal colic occurs when mineral or organic solids pass though the urinary tract and obstruct the urinary flow. It causes a sudden onset of severe pain, which radiates from the flank to the groin and requires immediate treatment with pain‐killers. It can also cause nausea, vomiting, hypertension and blood in the urine. Opioids and non‐steroidal anti‐inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used to reduce the pain. The review found that both NSAIDs and opioids significantly reduce the pain. People experienced more adverse effects, such as vomiting, when using opioids (particularly pethidine) than when using NSAIDs.

Local anaesthetic nerve block for pain management in labour

Most women find labour painful, although a few do not. Women who give birth more than once, can find very different levels of pain in their different labours. Women generally seek ways to help themselves cope with the labour, and some women look for additional help to manage the pain.

See all (9)

PubMed Health Blog...

read all...