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Ketoconazole

What works?

Learn more about the effects of these drugs. The most reliable research is summed up for you in our featured article.

By mouth

Ketoconazole is used to treat serious fungal or yeast infections, such as candidiasis (thrush, oral thrush), blastomycosis (Gilchrist's disease), coccidioidomycosis… Read more

Brand names include: Nizoral

On the skin

Ketoconazole is used to treat infections caused by a fungus or yeast. It works by killing the fungus or yeast or preventing its growth. Ketoconazole cream… Read more

Brand names include: Extina, Ketodan Kit

Drug classes About this
Antifungal, Antiseborrheic, Steroid Synthesis Inhibitor

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Ketoconazole associated hepatotoxicity: a systematic review and meta-analysis

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of Ketoconazole associated hepatotoxicity and related factor.

Not enough good quality trials to assess the most effective drug treatment for paracoccidioidomycosis

Paracoccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection that causes ulcers, swelling, fever, and pain. If it also gets into the lungs, it can produce coughing, shortage of breath, chest pain, weight loss, and sometimes death. Without treatment, those suffering this disease may die in a few months or years. There are endemic areas between Mexico and southern Argentina. Drug treatments need to go on for many months and maybe years. There are various drugs that are used, but this review found only two small trials with too few data to say which drug was best, and the drugs all seem to have adverse effects. More research is needed.

Antifungal drugs (azoles) for allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis associated with asthma

Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis is a condition that complicates some people with chronic asthma. Standard treatment for this condition is high doses of oral steroids. The azole antifungal drugs attack the fungus that causes this condition and short term studies suggest that they may have some benefit when added to standard therapy.

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Summaries for consumers

Not enough good quality trials to assess the most effective drug treatment for paracoccidioidomycosis

Paracoccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection that causes ulcers, swelling, fever, and pain. If it also gets into the lungs, it can produce coughing, shortage of breath, chest pain, weight loss, and sometimes death. Without treatment, those suffering this disease may die in a few months or years. There are endemic areas between Mexico and southern Argentina. Drug treatments need to go on for many months and maybe years. There are various drugs that are used, but this review found only two small trials with too few data to say which drug was best, and the drugs all seem to have adverse effects. More research is needed.

Antifungal drugs (azoles) for allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis associated with asthma

Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis is a condition that complicates some people with chronic asthma. Standard treatment for this condition is high doses of oral steroids. The azole antifungal drugs attack the fungus that causes this condition and short term studies suggest that they may have some benefit when added to standard therapy.

Antifungal treatments applied to the skin to treat seborrhoeic dermatitis

Seborrhoeic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin condition found throughout the world, with rashes with varying degrees of redness, scaling and itching. It affects people of both sexes but is more common among men. The disease usually starts after puberty and can lead to personal discomfort and cosmetic concerns when rashes occur at prominent skin sites. Drugs that act against moulds, also called antifungal agents, have been commonly used on their own or in combination.

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