PubMed Health. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.

Perras C, Tsakonas E, Ndegwa S, et al. Vancomycin or Metronidazole for Treatment of Clostridium difficile Infection: Clinical and Economic Analyses [Internet]. Ottawa (ON): Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health; 2011 Jan. (CADTH Technology Report, No. 136.)

GLOSSARY

Clostridium difficile infection

An intestinal infection that occurs when a susceptible host ingests Clostridium difficile spores which then colonize the large bowel, germinate, and cause toxin-mediated colitis and diarrhea.1

colonization

The presence of microorganisms without tissue invasion or injury.2

fungemia

The presence of fungi in the blood.3

infection

Penetration and multiplication of an infectious agent in tissue, resulting in subclinical or clinical illness.2

intracolonic

Within the colon.4

nasogastric tube

A tube that is inserted through the nose, down the throat, and into the stomach.5

nosocomial

Pertaining to or originating in a hospital.6

probiotics

Live microorganisms that have the potential to elicit health benefits when ingested in adequate amounts.7

recurrent Clostridium difficile infection

Occurs because of a relapse or a reinfection.8

reinfection

Acquisition of a new strain of Clostridium difficile from an exogenous source.8

relapse

Endogenous persistence of the same strain of Clostridium difficile.8

Copyright © 2011 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health.

Except where otherwise noted, this work is distributed under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial- NoDerivatives 4.0 International licence (CC BY-NC-ND), a copy of which is available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Cover of Vancomycin or Metronidazole for Treatment of Clostridium difficile Infection: Clinical and Economic Analyses
Vancomycin or Metronidazole for Treatment of Clostridium difficile Infection: Clinical and Economic Analyses [Internet].
CADTH Technology Report, No. 136.
Perras C, Tsakonas E, Ndegwa S, et al.

PubMed Health Blog...

read all...

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...