Figure 2 is a literature flow diagram. In the top left corner, there is a box (Box 1) showing we identified 4,587 potentially relevant articles. Just below that is a second box (Box 2) in which we show that 4,587 titles were reviewed. To the right of Box 2 is a third box (Box 3), showing we excluded 811 of these at the title level. On that far-left side, under Box 2 is a fourth box (Box 4), which shows that we reviewed 3,776 abstracts. To the right of that is a fifth box. In Box 5 we show that 3,214 of these abstracts were excluded. To the right again, in Box 6, we list the reason articles were excluded at the abstract level. The reasons were as follows: 1,737 (off-topic), 621 (background), 500 (not a comparative trial), 102 (not a country of interest), 64 (not SMI offenders), 51 (not a criminal justice setting of interest), 50 (did not assess the efficacy of an intervention), 40 (fewer than 5 patients per study group), 33 (study of children), 12 (duplicate reports), 3 (not a full length article), and 1 ( not in the English language). Towards the right bottom of the figure is a seventh box (Box 7) which shows we reviewed 562 full-length articles. To the right, in Box 8, we show that 543 of these full length articles were excluded. In Box 9, on the far right of the figure we list the reasons for excluding full-length articles. The most common reasons were because they were background, review, commentary, or protocol articles (302 publications); were not comparative trials (99 publications); or the study populations were not primarily SMI (60 publications). At the very bottom, right corner of the figure is Box 10. Box 10 shows that 19 publications describing16 unique studies made up the evidence base for this review. Twelve articles describing nine unique studies addressed KQ1 (interventions delivered within an incarceration setting), and seven studies addressed KQ2 (interventions provided during transition from incarceration to a community setting).

Figure 2Literature flow diagram

KQ = Key Question; SMI = serious mental illness

From: Results

Cover of Interventions for Adult Offenders With Serious Mental Illness
Interventions for Adult Offenders With Serious Mental Illness [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 121.
Fontanarosa J, Uhl S, Oyesanmi O, et al.

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