Table 12Characteristics of included debriefing trials

Study and Risk of Bias, Prevention TypeStudy design, Intervention (n)Treatment Duration (Followup Duration)Population and Trauma TypePrimary Outcome Measure and Baseline ScoreMean Age and Age Range (Years)Percentage Female
Rose et al., 1999129

Medium

Universal
Unblinded RCT, Debriefing + psycho-education (54)
Assessment only (51)
One, 1-hour individual session (6 months)aCivilian crime victims (Actual or threatened physical or sexual assault; bag snatch)PSS, Debriefing + psychoeducation: 16.8
Assessment: 15.6
35 (18–76)24.8
Sijbrandij et al., 2006131

Low

Universal
Unblinded RCT, Emotional debriefing (76)
Educational debriefing (79)
No debriefing (81)
One, 45- to 60-minute individual session (6 months)Civilian assault or accidentSI-PTSD, Emotional debriefing: 19.9
Educational debriefing: 19.9
No debriefing: 17.7
40.4b (range NR)NR

n = subset of sample; NR = not reported; PSS = Post-traumatic Symptom Scale; RCT = randomized controlled trial; SI-PTSD = Structured Interview for PTSD

a

Because of very high overall attrition (i.e., greater than 40% at 11-month followup) in this study of debriefing and psychoeducation,129 we considered all outcomes collected at that time point as having a high risk of bias and therefore do not report them here or in Appendix G.

b

Data not directly provided by the study authors. Data provided here are calculated by authors of this report.

From: Results

Cover of Interventions for the Prevention of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Adults After Exposure to Psychological Trauma
Interventions for the Prevention of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Adults After Exposure to Psychological Trauma [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 109.
Gartlehner G, Forneris CA, Brownley KA, et al.

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