Table 55Botulinum toxin type A (pre vs post treatment) Patient satisfaction - Clinical study characteristics and clinical summary of findings

No. of studiesDesignTreatment (n)Control (n)ResultsLimitationsInconsistencyIndirectnessImprecisionOther considerationsQuality
Outcome: Patient satisfaction
1 [A]Prospective observational studyBotulinum toxin type A
No. of injections:
2 or more N=66
3 or more N=34
4 or more N=17
5 or more N=5
6 or more N=3
7 N=1
Post injectionMajor improvement (%) (satisfied plus very satisfied)
Post 1st injection 73 vs 2nd injection 71 vs 3 rd injection 96 vs 4th injection 89
S (i)NNN (ii)NVery low

S serious N none


Before vs after data


Data at high risk of bias (very low quality), imprecision not assessed


Grosse et al. (2005) 75

From: 8, Treatment to improve bladder storage

Cover of Urinary Incontinence in Neurological Disease
Urinary Incontinence in Neurological Disease: Management of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction in Neurological Disease.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 148.
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