K.10.1Clinical studies excluded

Author/titleReason for exclusion
Abdill CK, Rivas DR, Chancellor MB. Transurethral placement of external sphincter wire mesh stent for neurogenic bladder. SCI Nurs 1994 Jun;11:38–41.Involves a stent used to keep the bladder neck open for improved urine removal, not an artificial sphincter to reduce incontinence
Chancellor MB, Karusick S, Erhard MJ, et al. Placement of a wire mesh prosthesis in the external urinary sphincter of men with spinal cord injuries. Radiology 1993 May;187:551–5.Involves a stent used to keep the bladder neck open for improved urine removal, not an artificial sphincter to reduce incontinence
Chancellor MB, Rivas DA, Abdill CK, et al. Prospective comparison of external sphincter balloon dilatation and prosthesis placement with external sphincterotomy in spinal cord injured men. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation 1994 Mar;75:297–305.Involves a stent used to keep the bladder neck open for improved urine removal, not an artificial sphincter to reduce incontinence
Chancellor MB, Rivas DA, Linsenmeyer T, et al. Multicenter trial in North America of UroLume urinary sphincter prosthesis. J Urol 1994 Sep;152:924–30.Involves a stent used to keep the bladder neck open for improved urine removal, not an artificial sphincter to reduce incontinence
Chancellor MB, Rivas DA, Abdill CK, et al. Management of sphincter dyssynergia using the sphincter stent prosthesis in chronically catheterized SCI men. J Spinal Cord Med 1995 Apr;18:88–94.Involves a stent used to keep the bladder neck open for improved urine removal, not an artificial sphincter to reduce incontinence
Dave S, Pippi Salle JL, Lorenzo AJ, et al. Is long-term bladder deterioration inevitable following successful isolated bladder outlet procedures in children with neuropathic bladder dysfunction? J Urol 2008 May;179:1991–6.Bladder outlet procedures not described.
Juan Garcia FJ, Salvador S, Montoto A, et al. Intraurethral stent prosthesis in spinal cord injured patients with sphincter dyssynergia. Spinal Cord 1999;37:54–7.Involves a stent used to keep the bladder neck open for improved urine removal, not an artificial sphincter to reduce incontinence
Kryger JV, Gonzalez R, Spencer Barthold J. Surgical management of urinary incontinence in children with neurogenic sphincteric incompetence. The Journal of Urology 2000; 163: 256–263Narrative review
Rivas DA, Chancellor MB, Bagley D. Prospective comparison of external sphincter prosthesis placement and external sphincterotomy in men with spinal cord injury. J Endourol 1994 Apr;8:89–93.Involves a stent used to keep the bladder neck open for improved urine removal, not an artificial sphincter to reduce incontinence

From: Appendix K, Excluded studies

Cover of Urinary Incontinence in Neurological Disease
Urinary Incontinence in Neurological Disease: Management of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction in Neurological Disease.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 148.
National Clinical Guideline Centre (UK).
Copyright © 2012, National Clinical Guideline Centre.

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