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The purpose of this systematic evidence review is for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) to update its recommendation on screening for high blood pressure in children and adolescents to prevent cardiovascular disease. In 2003, the USPSTF found poor evidence that routine blood pressure measurement accurately identifies children and adolescents at increased risk for cardiovascular disease, and poor evidence to determine whether treatment of elevated blood pressure in children or adolescents decreases the incidence of cardiovascular disease. As a result, the USPSTF could not determine the balance of benefits and harms of routine screening for high blood pressure in children and adolescents, which resulted in an I recommendation.,


We identified no studies that examined the direct effect of screening for hypertension in children or adolescents in delaying the onset of or reducing adverse health outcomes related to hypertension.

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