Table 66School-based interventions: study characteristics

Author, YearIntervention TypeStudy Addressed Harms? (Yes/No)Number Randomized
Number Analyzed
Retention %
Berger, et al., 200954ERASE Stress

G1: ERASE Stress
G2: Wait-list control
NoRandomized total: 166
G1: 84
G2: 82

Analyzed total: 166
G1: 84
G2: 82
Total: 100%

G1: 100%
G2: 100%
Gelkopf, et al., 200955ERASE Stress

G1: ERASE Stress
G2: Wait-list control
NoRandomized total: 107
G1: 58
G2: 49

Analyzed: 107
G1: 58
G2: 49
Total: 100%

G1: 100%
G2: 100%
Stein, et al., 200364CBITS

G1: CBITS
G2: Wait-list control
NoRandomized total: 126
G1: 61
G2: 65

Analyzed, 3-month, total: 117
G1: 54
G2: 63

6-month followup: 113
G1: NR
G2: NR
3-month total: 92.9%
G1: 88.5%
G2: 96.9%

6-month total: 89.6%
G1: NR
G2: NR
Jaycox, 200947CBITS

G1: SSET (CBITS)
G2: Wait-list control
NoRandomized total:
G1: 39
G2: 39

Analyzed total:
G1: 39
G2: 37
Total:

G1: 100%
G2: 94.9%
Layne, et al., 200865TGCT

G1: TGCT + classroom-based psychoeducation and skills training
G2: Classroom-based psychoeducation and skills training
YesRandomized total: 159
G1: 77
G2: 82

Completed post-treatment assessment total: 127
G1: 66
G2: 61

4-month followup: 67
G1: 36
G2: 31
Post-treatment assessment: 79.4%
G1: 85.7%
G2: 74.4%

4-month followup: 41.9%
G1: 46.8%
G2: 37.8%
Berger, et al., 200756OTT

G1: OTT
G2: Wait-list control
NoRandomized total: 142
G1: 70
G2: 72

Analyzed total: 142
G1: 70
G2: 72
Total: 100%

G1: 100%
G2: 100%
Tol, et al., 2008;66

Tol, et al., 201071
CBT/creative expressive school-based group Intervention

G1: Intervention
G2: Wait-list control
NoRandomized total: 403
G1: 182
G2: 221

Analyzed at 1-week total: 393
G1: 182
G2: 211

6-month followup: 368
G1: 177
G2: 191
1-week total: 97.5%
G1: 100%
G2: 95.5%

6-month total: 91.3%
G1: 97.3%
G2: 86.4%
Tol et al., 201267CBT/creative expressive school-based group intervention

G1: School-based group intervention including CBT and creative expressive elements
G2: Wait-list control
NoRandomized total: 399
G1: 199
G2: 200

Only two participants were not African American at randomization, so these two participants were not analyzed at baseline or in any of the followup

Analyzed at 1-week and 3-month followup: 397
G1: 198
G2: 199
Total: 100%
G1: 100%
G2: 100%
Goenjian et al., 1997,51

Goenjian et al., 200552
TF-CBT

G1: School-based TF-CBT
G2: Comparison schools
NoRandomized total: 64
G1: 35
G2: 29

Analyzed at 18 months: 64
G1: 35
G2: 29

Analyzed at 3 years: 62
G1: 35
G2: 27
18-month total: 100%
G1: 100%
G2: 100%

3-year total: 96.9%
G1: 100%
G2: 93.1%

CBT = cognitive behavioral therapy; CBITS = Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools; ERASE Stress = Enhancing Resilience among Students Experiencing Stress; G = group; NR = not reported; OTT = Overshadowing the Threat of Terrorism; SSET = Support for Students Exposed to Trauma; TF-CBT = trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy; TGCT = trauma and grief component therapy for adolescents

From: Results

Cover of Child and Adolescent Exposure to Trauma
Child and Adolescent Exposure to Trauma: Comparative Effectiveness of Interventions Addressing Trauma Other Than Maltreatment or Family Violence [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 107.
Forman-Hoffman V, Knauer S, McKeeman J, et al.

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