Table 59Cognitive behavioral therapy/creative expressive school-based group intervention versus wait-list control: study characteristics

Author, YearInclusion Criteria (Sex and Age Group)Type of Trauma/SubgroupStudy Design and DurationComparison GroupsBaseline NumberRisk of Bias
Tol, et al., 201071Male and female school children in Poso, Indonesia (mean age 10.08 and 9.78 for treatment and wait-list groups, respectively) who were exposed to ≥1 events, or had significant (≥11) PTSD symptoms and anxiety complaints (≥5)Poverty and political violence/instability

Age, exposure to violence, sex
Cluster-RCT with wait-list control 15 sessions over 5 weeksG1: School-based group intervention including CBT techniques, trauma-processing activities, cooperative play, and creative expressive elements
G2: Wait-list control
Randomized: 403
G1: 182
G2: 221
1-week followup
G1: 182
G2: 211
6-month followup
G1: 177
G2: 191

Analyzed:
G1: 182
G2: 221
Medium

CBT = cognitive behavioral therapy; G = group; PTSD = post-traumatic stress disorder; RCT = randomized controlled trial

From: Results

Cover of Child and Adolescent Exposure to Trauma
Child and Adolescent Exposure to Trauma: Comparative Effectiveness of Interventions Addressing Trauma Other Than Maltreatment or Family Violence [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 107.
Forman-Hoffman V, Knauer S, McKeeman J, et al.

PubMed Health. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.