Figure A is titled, “Analytic framework for comparative effectiveness of interventions addressing children exposed to trauma other than maltreatment or family violence.” The key questions (KQs) are displayed within the context of the populations, interventions, and outcomes described in the previous section. Beginning with a population of children exposed to trauma other than maltreatment (KQ 1), followed by a population of children with traumatic stress symptoms from trauma other than maltreatment who are experiencing traumatic stress symptoms (KQ 2), the figure illustrates the effect of psychological and pharmacological interventions on outcomes of traumatic stress symptoms or syndromes; prevention of or reduction in medical and psychiatric comorbid conditions; prevention of or reduction in physical health conditions or symptoms; reduction in risk-taking behaviors, behavioral problems, or criminal activities; healthy development; school-based functioning; quality of life; and decreased suicidality. Next, we examine whether interventions for prevention or treatment of traumatic stress symptoms vary in their effectiveness by characteristics of child (KQ 3a), treatment (KQ 3b), or setting (KQ 3c). Finally, harms associated with specific types of therapies for preventing or treating traumatic stress symptoms are explored in KQ 4.

Figure AAnalytic framework

KQ = Key Question; PTSD = post-traumatic stress disorder

From: Executive Summary

Cover of Child and Adolescent Exposure to Trauma
Child and Adolescent Exposure to Trauma: Comparative Effectiveness of Interventions Addressing Trauma Other Than Maltreatment or Family Violence [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 107.
Forman-Hoffman V, Knauer S, McKeeman J, et al.

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