Table 16Study details and clinical summary of findings: history of falls incidence of falls during follow-up (versus one fall)

Kaptoge 200541N = 5370 men and women, ≥ 65 years, EuropeAny non-spine0.09 (0.06 to 0.13)‡ ⋄ 13‡RR (95% CI) (modelling with ‘all falls’),
⋄ women,
13) 0 versus 1 fall,
14) 2 versus 1 fall,
15) 3+ versus 1 fall.
Follow-up median 3 years.
0.81 (0.54 to 1.21)‡ ⋄ 14
0.60 (0.40 to 0.91)‡ ⋄ 15
Upper limb0.09 (0.05 to 0.15)‡ ⋄ 13
0.64 (0.35 to 1.18)‡ ⋄ 14
0.54 (0.30 to 0.97)‡ ⋄ 15
Lower limb0.09 (0.04 to 0.18)‡ ⋄ 13
0.68 (0.33 to 1.40)‡ ⋄ 14
0.64 (0.32 to 1.31)‡ ⋄ 15

From: 3, Who needs formal risk assessment?

Cover of Osteoporosis: Fragility Fracture Risk
Osteoporosis: Fragility Fracture Risk: Osteoporosis: Assessing the Risk of Fragility Fracture.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 146.
National Clinical Guideline Centre (UK).
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