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Hartmann KE, Andrews JC, Jerome RN, et al. Strategies to Reduce Cesarean Birth in Low-Risk Women [Internet]. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US); 2012 Oct. (Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 80.)

  • This publication is provided for historical reference only and the information may be out of date.

This publication is provided for historical reference only and the information may be out of date.

Acronyms/Abbreviations/Symbols

±

plus or minus

less than or equal to

greater than or equal to

%

percent

AE

adverse events

AHRQ

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

AROM

artificial rupture of membranes

BMI

body mass index

BP

blood pressure

bpm

beats per minute

CDC

Center for Disease Control and Prevention

CER

comparative effectiveness review

CI

confidence interval

CINAHL

Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature

cm

centimeter

cm/min

centimeter per minute

CS

cesarean

°C

degree Celsius

CSE

combined spinal epidural

CTG

cardiotocography

ECG

electrocardiogram

EFM

electronic fetal monitoring

EPC

Evidence-based Practice Centers

EPDS

Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale

et al.

and others

etc.

et cetera

FBS

Fetal blood sampling

FHR

fetal heart rate

fl

fluid liter

FSPO2

Fetal oxygenation

°F

degree Fahrenheit

g

gram(s)

HIE

hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

hr(s)

hour(s)

IM

intramuscular

In

inch

IQR

interquartile range

IUPC

Intrauterine pressure catheter

IV

intravenous

kg

kilogram

kPa(s)/min

kilopascal per minute(s)

KQ

Key Question

L, l

liter

MAS

meconium aspiration syndrome

max

maximum

mg

milligram

mg/ml

milligram per milliliter

min

minute(s)

mL, ml

milliliter

mmHg

millimeters of mercury

mU/min

milliunit per minute

n

number

NHS

National Health Services

NICU

neonatal intensive care unit

NOQAS

Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale

NR

not reported

NRFS

nonreassuring fetal status

NS

not significant

OR

odds ratio

O2

oxygen

P, p

p value

PCO2

partial pressure of carbon dioxide

pH

power of hydrogen

PICOTS

Population(s), Intervention(s), Outcome(s), Timing, and Setting

PO2

partial pressure of oxygen

PROM

premature rupture of membrane

pt

patient

RCT

randomized controlled trial

RN

registered nurse(s)

ROB

Cochrane Risk of Bias

RR

relative risk

SD

standard deviation

SE

standard error

SEM

standard error of mean

STAN

ST segment analysis

TEP

technical expert panel

U.K., UK

United Kingdom

U.S., US

United States

VBAC

vaginal birth after cesarean

vs., v

versus

w/

with

wk(s)

week(s)

yr(s)

year(s)

μg/l

micrograms per liter

Cover of Strategies to Reduce Cesarean Birth in Low-Risk Women
Strategies to Reduce Cesarean Birth in Low-Risk Women [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 80.
Hartmann KE, Andrews JC, Jerome RN, et al.

AHRQ (US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality)

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