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Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet]. York (UK): Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK); 1995-.

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet].

Apixaban and rivaroxaban safety after hip and knee arthroplasty: a meta-analysis

Review published: 2012.

Bibliographic details: Alves C, Batel-Marques F, Macedo AF.  Apixaban and rivaroxaban safety after hip and knee arthroplasty: a meta-analysis. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics 2012; 17(3): 266-276. [PubMed: 22134134]


Direct experimental safety comparisons of Xa coagulation factor direct inhibitors, apixaban and rivaroxaban, on their approved therapeutic indications have not been identified. Due to recently raised safety concerns, a meta-analysis was carried out pooling data from studies identified on a Medline and Cochrane Library search in order to better evaluate the safety profile of both drugs. Abstracts from scientific meetings were also searched from 2003 to 2011. Primary and secondary outcome measures were major bleeding and total bleeding, respectively. Relative risks (RRs) were estimated using random effects models and statistical heterogeneity was estimated with I(2) statistics. Of the 160 screened publications, 12 clinical trials were included in which enoxaparin was the active control. For knee arthroplasty, apixaban was associated with significantly fewer major bleeding events (6496 patients, RR 0.56, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.32-0.96) and fewer total bleeding events (6496 patients, RR 0.81, 95% CI 0.67-0.97). There were no significant differences in the incidence of major bleeding events (5699 patients, RR 1.40, 95% CI 0.56-3.52) or in the incidence of total bleeding events for rivaroxaban (5699 patients, RR 1.09, 95% CI 0.91-1.30). No differences were found when thromboprophylaxis after hip replacement was the case. Apixaban seems to be associated with a lower risk of the incidence of hemorrhagic events after total knee arthroplasty. For hip arthroplasty, no differences were found between the studied drugs.

CRD has determined that this article meets the DARE scientific quality criteria for a systematic review.

Copyright © 2014 University of York.

PMID: 22134134


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