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Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet]. York (UK): Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK); 1995-.

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet].

Value of TP53 status for predicting response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer: a meta-analysis

Review published: 2012.

Bibliographic details: Chen MB, Zhu YQ, Xu JY, Wang LQ, Liu CY, Ji ZY, Lu PH.  Value of TP53 status for predicting response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer: a meta-analysis. PLOS ONE 2012; 7(6):e39655. [PMC free article: PMC3387248] [PubMed: 22768103]

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have yielded inconclusive results regarding the relationship between tumor suppressor protein TP53 overexpression and/or TP53 gene mutations and the response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with breast cancer. The purpose of the current study was therefore to evaluate the relationship between TP53 status and response to chemotherapy in breast cancer.

METHODS AND FINDINGS: A total of 26 previously published eligible studies including 3,476 cases were identified and included in this meta-analysis. TP53 status (over expression of TP53 protein and/or TP53 gene mutations) was associated with good response in breast cancer patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (total objective response: risk ratio [RR]= 1.20, 95% confidence interval [CI]= 1.09-1.33, p<0.001; pathological objective response: RR = 1.37, 95% CI = 1.20-1.57, p<0.01; total complete response: RR = 1.33, 95% CI = 1.15-1.53, p<0.001; pathological complete response: RR = 1.45, 95% CI = 1.25-1.68, p<0.001). In further stratified analyses, this association also existed among the studies using anthracycline-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and the association between response and the presence of gene alterations was stronger than that between response and immunohistochemistry positivity.

CONCLUSION: The results of the present meta-analysis suggest that TP53 status is a predictive factor for response in breast cancer patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Further larger and well-designed prospective studies are required to evaluate the predictive role of TP53 status in clinical practice.

CRD has determined that this article meets the DARE scientific quality criteria for a systematic review.

Copyright © 2014 University of York.

PMID: 22768103

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