TABLE 60Mortality in children receiving other supplements

StudyTreatment armsp-value
Manary and Brewster 199780High potassium (n = 48)Standard potassium (n = 51)
Deaths in hospital, n/N (%)14/48 (29.2)20/51 (39.2)0.40
Deaths during first 48 hours, n66NR
Death during days 3–5, n54NR
Late deaths, n310NR
Adjusted late deaths,a n/N (%)3/37 (8.1)13/41 (31.7)b0.02
Causes of late death
Sepsis, n33NR
Anaemia, n2NR
 Unexpected,c n5NR

NR, not reported.

a

Denominators reported in the published paper excluded 21 early deaths (intervention n = 11, control n = 10).

b

Includes death of three seriously ill children, who were unlikely to have survived at home according to a blinded chart assessment.

c

Deaths classified as unexpected if there was no clinical indication of a life-threatening complication.

From: 4, Assessment of clinical effectiveness

Cover of The Effectiveness of Interventions to Treat Severe Acute Malnutrition in Young Children: A Systematic Review
The Effectiveness of Interventions to Treat Severe Acute Malnutrition in Young Children: A Systematic Review.
Health Technology Assessment, No. 16.19.
Picot J, Hartwell D, Harris P, et al.
Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2012 Apr.
© 2012, Crown Copyright.

Included under terms of UK Non-commercial Government License.

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