TABLE 18Weight gain in children with acute diarrhoea

StudyTreatment armsp-value
Alam et al. 200051H-ORS (n = 41)     WHO-ORS (n = 40)
Mean percentage weight gain ± SDa4.54 ± 1.79     4.45 ± 2.18NS
Dutta et al. 200154H-ORS (n = 32)     WHO/UNICEF-ORS (n = 32)
Mean percentage weight gain ± SDb4.3 ± 1.2     5.4 ± 1.30.001
Alam et al. 200957Glucose-ORS (n = 58)Glucose-ORS + ARS (n = 59)Rice-ORS (n = 58)
Mean percentage weight gain at 72 hours119.7130.05
Dutta et al. 200055Zinc + ORS (n = 44)     Placebo + ORS (n = 36)
Mean percentage weight gain ± SDb3.9 ± 4.1     3.2 ± 2.90.41
Mean percentage weight gain ± SD on 30th dayc2.6 ± 3.3 (n = 18)     2.9 ± 3.7 (n = 16)0.88

NS, not statistically significant.

a

Time point unclear.

b

At discharge/recovery or on day 5 if not recovered.

c

Per cent of recovery weight.

From: 4, Assessment of clinical effectiveness

Cover of The Effectiveness of Interventions to Treat Severe Acute Malnutrition in Young Children: A Systematic Review
The Effectiveness of Interventions to Treat Severe Acute Malnutrition in Young Children: A Systematic Review.
Health Technology Assessment, No. 16.19.
Picot J, Hartwell D, Harris P, et al.
Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2012 Apr.
© 2012, Crown Copyright.

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