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Maund E, Craig D, Suekarran S, et al. Management of Frozen Shoulder: A Systematic Review and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2012 Mar. (Health Technology Assessment, No. 16.11.)

Glossary

Case series

A group of case reports of patients who were given similar treatments. There is no control group involved.

Cost-effectiveness analysis

An economic analysis that expresses the effects or consequences of interventions on a single dimension. This would normally be expressed in ‘natural’ units (e.g. cases cured, life-years gained, additional strokes prevented). The difference between interventions in terms of costs and effects is typically expressed as an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (e.g. the incremental cost per life-year gained).

Cost–utility analysis

The same as a cost-effectiveness analysis but the effects or consequences of interventions are expressed in generic units of health gain, usually quality-adjusted life-years.

Exercise therapy

Gentle rhythmic active exercises, function-based exercises [to maintain/restore the range or quality (co-ordination and/or control) of movement] or both.

Incremental cost-effectiveness ratio

An expression of the additional cost of health gain associated with an intervention relative to an appropriate comparator. Expressed as the difference in mean costs (relative to the comparator) divided by the difference in mean health gain.

Intention-to-treat analysis

Analysis that compares participants in the groups to which they were originally assigned.

Mixed-treatment comparison

This is an extension of a traditional meta-analysis. Whereas a traditional meta-analysis includes only trials making direct comparisons between an intervention and a comparator, a mixed-treatment comparison also includes indirect evidence. This approach overcomes the limitations of the traditional approach in cases in which there are no or limited trials making the relevant head-to-head comparison.

Mobilisations

Therapist-applied passive movements of joints or other structures performed in such a way that they are always within the control of the patient. They may be performed by various techniques and may be combined with active movement on the part of the patient.

Physical therapy

This term is used to refer to the broad range of physical interventions such as physiotherapy (including mobilisation or other modalities such as electrotherapy) and chiropractic and osteopathic interventions.

Quality-adjusted life-year

An index of health gain in which survival duration is weighted or adjusted by the patient's quality of life during the survival period. Quality-adjusted life-years have the advantage of incorporating changes in both quantity (mortality) and quality (morbidity) of life.

Randomised controlled trial

A trial in which the participants are randomly allocated to the control or treatment groups.

WinBUGS

Statistical software for Bayesian analysis using Markov chain Monte Carlo methods.

© 2012, Crown Copyright.

Included under terms of UK Non-commercial Government License.

Cover of Management of Frozen Shoulder: A Systematic Review and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
Management of Frozen Shoulder: A Systematic Review and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis.
Health Technology Assessment, No. 16.11.
Maund E, Craig D, Suekarran S, et al.
Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2012 Mar.

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