Figure F9 is a forest plot diagram depicting specificity of urgency symptoms compared to multichannel urodynamics (“gold standard”) for any detrusor overactivity. The data came from 9 studies. The plot has two columns. The left-hand column lists the last name of the first author for each study and the year of the publication. The right-hand column is a plot of specificity as percentage with 95% CI of the subjects without symptoms of urgency and with a negative urodynamic test for detrusor overactivity. Pooled with random effects model mean specificity is presented by a square incorporating confidence intervals represented by horizontal lines. The figure demonstrates that on average, 39% (95% CI 17; 67) of women without symptoms of urgency have a negative urodynamic test for detrusor overactivity.

Appendix Figure F9Specificity of urgency symptoms with or without UI compared to multichannel urodynamics (“gold standard”) for any detrusor overactivity68,7274,84,97,105 103,106

From: Appendix F, Evidence Tables and Evidence Figures

Cover of Nonsurgical Treatments for Urinary Incontinence in Adult Women: Diagnosis and Comparative Effectiveness
Nonsurgical Treatments for Urinary Incontinence in Adult Women: Diagnosis and Comparative Effectiveness [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 36.
Shamliyan T, Wyman J, Kane RL.

PubMed Health. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.