KQ#Key QuestionType of EvidenceQuality of EvidenceComments
1What assessment tools are effective for assessing risk of engaging in suicidal self-directed violence in Veteran and military populations?5 studies testing validated measures in Veteran or military populations2 studies had unclear risk of bias; 3 studies had high risk of biasInsufficient evidence overall to recommend screening with these risk assessment tools based on this evidence. Future research is warranted, particularly for risk assessment instruments that are already in use within the VA system.
2In addition to the risk factors included by current assessment tools, what other risk factors predict suicidal self-directed violence in Veteran and military populations?25 studies of risk factors for suicide attempts and suicides among Veteran and military populations21 studies with unclear risk of bias and 4 studies with high risk of biasInsufficient evidence overall.

Strongest evidence exists for risk factors that have been previously identified (white race, male gender, psychiatric disorders, substance use disorders, and trauma). More research is warranted to understand emerging risk factors in younger Veteran and military populations.

From: SUMMARY AND DISCUSSION

Cover of Suicide Risk Factors and Risk Assessment Tools: A Systematic Review
Suicide Risk Factors and Risk Assessment Tools: A Systematic Review [Internet].
Haney EM, O'Neil ME, Carson S, et al.
Washington (DC): Department of Veterans Affairs (US); 2012 Mar.

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