Home > DARE Reviews > The efficacy and safety of rituximab for...

PubMed Health. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet]. York (UK): Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK); 1995-.

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet].

The efficacy and safety of rituximab for the treatment of active rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Review published: 2011.

Bibliographic details: Lee YH, Bae SC, Song GG.  The efficacy and safety of rituximab for the treatment of active rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Rheumatology International 2011; 31(11): 1493-1499. [PubMed: 20473756]

Abstract

The aims of this study were to assess the efficacy and safety of rituximab in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The authors surveyed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that examined the efficacy of rituximab in disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD) (including methotrexate [MTX]) or tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-blocker-resistant or intolerant patients with active RA using Medline, the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, and manual searches. Meta-analysis of RCTs was performed to determine the treatment efficacy and safety outcomes of rituximab (1 course, consisting of two infusions of 1,000 mg each) concomitant with MTX. The three RCTs included 938 DMARD or TNF-blocker-resistant or intolerant RA patients. Follow-up periods ranged from 24 to 48 weeks. American College of Rheumatology response (ACR) 20, ACR50, and ACR70 response rates were significantly higher for the rituximab plus MTX than for placebo controls (primary efficacy outcome, ACR50; risk ratio [RR] 3.648, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.478-5.369, P < 0.001). For those treated with rituximab, the incidence adverse events of all systems were not higher than in those treated with placebo (RR 1.062, 95% CI 0.912-1.236, P = 0.438). With respect to the number of patients that experienced at least one serious adverse event, no significant difference was observed between patients treated with rituximab and placebo (RR 0.855, 95% CI 0.622-1.174, P = 0.333). A single course of rituximab with concomitant MTX therapy was found to be effective in DMARD or TNF-blocker-resistant or intolerant patients with active RA.

CRD has determined that this article meets the DARE scientific quality criteria for a systematic review.

Copyright © 2014 University of York.

PMID: 20473756

PubMed Health Blog...

read all...

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...