Table 2Difference in prevalence of depression in a range of physical health problems compared with controls

Physical health problemMain findings
Diabetes
Egede (2007), USDiabetes mellitus (n = 1794) versus no health problem (n = 19, 462) OR = 1.96 (1.59, 2.42)
Das-Munshi and colleagues (2007), UKDiabetes mellitus versus no diabetes: adjusted OR = 1.50 (0.60, 4.10)
Adjusted for demographic and comorbid health problems
Hypertension
Egede (2007), USHypertension (n = 7371) versus no health problem (n = 19, 462) OR = 2.00 (1.74, 2.31)
Kessler and colleagues (2003), USHypertension versus no health problem OR = 1.80 (1.20, 2.90)
Heart problems
Egede (2007), USCoronary artery disease (n = 3491) versus no health problem (n = 19, 462) OR = 2.30 (1.94, 2.63)
Coronary heart failure (n = 391) versus no health problem (n = 19, 462) OR = 1.96 (1.23, 3.11)
Wilhelm and colleagues (2003), AustraliaHeart disease: present versus absent OR = 1.94 (1.13, 3.33)
Hebst and colleagues (2007), USPast year: Adjusted OR = 2.49 (1.81, 3.43)
Adjusted for demographic, health and substance misuse
Stroke
Egede (2007), USStroke (n = 710) versus no health problem (n = 19, 462) OR = 3.15 (2.33, 4.35)
Cancer
Wilhelm and colleagues (2003), AustraliaCancer: present versus absent OR = 2.19 (1.05, 4.56)
Arthritis
Wilhelm and colleagues (2003), AustraliaArthritis: present versus absent OR = 1.58 (1.12, 2.22)
Kessler and colleagues (2003), USArthritis: present versus no physical health problem OR = 2.50 (1.80, 3.40)
COPD/bronchitis/emphysema
Egede (2007), USCOPD (n = 1681) versus no health problem (n = 19, 462) OR = 3.21 (2.72, 3.79)
Wilhelm and colleagues (2003), AustraliaBronchitis: present versus absent OR = 4.26 (2.47, 7.34)
Wagena and colleagues (2005), NetherlandsCOPD (n = 93) versus no COPD (n = 4427) OR = 4.38 (2.35, 8.16)
Adjusted for age, sex, smoking status, education
Asthma
Wilhelm and colleagues (2003), AustraliaAsthma: present versus absent OR = 1.70 (1.17, 2.47)
Katon and colleagues (2007), USAsthma versus no asthma OR =1.89 (1.15, 3.11)
Kessler and colleagues (2003), USAsthma versus no asthma OR = 2.5 (1.80, 3.50)
Kidney disease
Wilhelm and colleagues (2003), AustraliaKidney disease: present versus absent OR = 4.32 (2.06, 9.05)
Liver disease
Wilhelm and colleagues (2003), AustraliaLiver disease: present versus absent OR = 5.43 (2.74, 10.76)
End stage renal disease
Egede (2007), USEnd stage renal disease (n = 431) versus no health problem (n = 19, 462) OR = 3.56 (2.61, 4.87)
Multiple sclerosis
Patten and colleagues (2003), USMultiple sclerosis versus no multiple sclerosis OR = 2.3 (1.6, 3.3)

From: 2, DEPRESSION IN ADULTS WITH A CHRONIC PHYSICAL HEALTH PROBLEM

Cover of Depression in Adults with a Chronic Physical Health Problem
Depression in Adults with a Chronic Physical Health Problem: Treatment and Management.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 91.
National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (UK).
Leicester (UK): British Psychological Society; 2010.
Copyright © 2010, The British Psychological Society & The Royal College of Psychiatrists.

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers. Enquiries in this regard should be directed to the British Psychological Society.

PubMed Health. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.