PICO question:

What is the diagnostic value of the gastrointestinal endoscopy in diagnosing constipation in newborns, infants and children?
Patients/Population

Neonates (newborns), infants and all children up to their 18th birthday
Intervention/test

Gastrointestinal endoscopy or gastroscopy
Control

Digital rectal examination
Abdominal palpation
Abdominal ultrasound
Abdominal X-ray
Transit time
Rectal manometry
Rectal biopsy
Outcomes

Diagnosis of constipation
Accurate diagnosis of constipation
Differential diagnosis of constipation
Sensitivity, specificity
Diagnostic value
Diagnostic accuracy
Positive predictive value
Negative predictive value

From: Appendix I, Search Strategies

Cover of Constipation in Children and Young People
Constipation in Children and Young People: Diagnosis and Management of Idiopathic Childhood Constipation in Primary and Secondary Care.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 99.
National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health (UK).
London: RCOG Press; 2010.
Copyright © 2010, National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health.

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