Table 72Strength of evidence: overall withdrawals during treatment -- Tier 1

ComparisonNumber Of Studies; SubjectsRisk of Bias
Design
Quality
ConsistencyDirectnessPrecisionResults and Strength of Evidence
ECT vs. rTMS2; 72Medium
1 fair RCT
1 fair prospective cohort study
ConsistentDirectImpreciseECT group had higher number of withdrawals
P = NR
Low
rTMS vs. sham8; 325Medium
8 RCTs
1 good
7 fair
InconsistentIndirectImpreciseMixed results Insufficient

ECT = electroconvulsive therapy; RCT = randomized controlled trial; rTMS = repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation; vs. = versus

From: Results

Cover of Nonpharmacologic Interventions for Treatment-Resistant Depression in Adults
Nonpharmacologic Interventions for Treatment-Resistant Depression in Adults [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 33.
Gaynes BN, Lux LJ, Lloyd SW, et al.

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