Table 5.17.3AHI (events/hr) in randomized controlled trials of weight loss

Study
PMID
Baseline AHI (SD) [eligibility]Baseline ESS (SD)Duration (design)InterventionsNo. AnalyzedBaseline (SD)Change (final)Net diff or Diff95% CI *P BtwDropout, %Study Quality
Johansson 2009237
19959590
37 (14) [≥15]7.0 (5.0)9 wk (PL)Low energy diet3037 (17)−25−23−30, −15<0.0013A
Usual diet3337 (14)−2
Foster 2009236
19786682
24 (15) [nd]nd1 yr (PL)Intensive lifestyle intervention12522.9 (18.0)−5.4−9.7−13.6, −5.7<0.00117B
Diabetes support and education13923.5 (15.0)4.2
Tuomilehto 2009238
19011153
9 (3) [>5]9.9 (4.8)1 yr (PL)VLCD with lifestyle changes4011 (3.6)−4−4.3−7.6, −1.00.01111B
General counseling419 (2.7)0.3
*

Estimated from reported data.

From: Appendix D, Summary Tables

Cover of Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults
Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 32.
Balk EM, Moorthy D, Obadan NO, et al.

PubMed Health. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.