Table 5.16.1Randomized controlled trials of positional therapy vs. CPAP: study characteristics

InterventionsCPAP Pressure * (type)Mean Age, yrMale, %Mean BMI, kg/m2Other Patient CharacteristicsCountry (enrollment years)Other quality issues
Jokic 1999235
Positional treatmentManual (Split)51nd30ndCanada (nd)No washout
Skinner 2004233
SHEP Auto (Split)548534ndNew ZealandPatient not blinded, multicenter not accounted for in analysis, no power analysis reported
Skinner 2008234
TASB Auto (Separate)56nd30.7Positional OSANew ZealandPatient not blinded

Method for choosing CPAP Pressure: Manual (during sleep study); Auto (determined with AutoCPAP); Algorithm (by an algorithm); nd (no data reported); NA (not applicable, eg if AutoCPAP is the intervention). In parentheses: Split (CPAP introduced in a split night study); Separate (CPAP introduced on a separate full night than the diagnostic sleep study).

Shoulder-head elevation pillow

Thoracic anti-supine band

From: Appendix D, Summary Tables

Cover of Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults
Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 32.
Balk EM, Moorthy D, Obadan NO, et al.

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