Table 4Study information for trials of group CBT/relaxation or family therapy versus another psychological intervention

Group CBT vs. behavioural problem- solving/life skills trainingGroup CBT vs. group relaxationGroup CBT vs. self-modellingGroup relaxation vs. self-modellingFamily therapy vs. individual psychodynamic psychotherapy
Total no. of trials (total no. of participants)2 RCTs (N = 117)2 RCTs (N = 54)1 RCT (N = 34)1 RCT (N = 34)1 RCT (N = 72)
Study IDROHDE2004
STARK1987
KAHN1990
REYNOLDS1986
KAHN1990KAHN1990TROWELL
DiagnosisMDD (DSM-IV)/CDIMinor depression or MDD (DSM-III-R/RDC)Depression (RADS/CDI/BDI)Depression (RADS/CDI/BDI)MDD and/or dysthymia (K-SADS)
Baseline severity: mean (SD)BDI-II: CBT 16.6 (SD 12.8), Control 15.4 (SD 10.6) CDI: CBT 21.6 (SD 5.48), Control 22.4 (SD 8.47)BID: Group CBT range 44.65 (SD 15.56) to 50.33 (SD 19.60),
Group relaxation: range 38.06 (SD 15.26) to 46.27 (SD 20.42)
BID: Group CBT 44.65 (SD 15.56),
Self-modelling 52.82 (18.45)
BID: Group relaxation 38.06 (SD 15.26),
Self-modelling 52.82 (SD 18.45)
CDI: Family therapy 23.83 (SD 7.07),
Individual therapy 23.00 (SD 7.56)
No. of sessions (duration)12 to 16 (40 to 120 minutes)CBT 10 to 15 (50 to 120 minutes)
Relaxation: 10 to 12 (50 minutes)
CBT: 15 (120 minutes)
Self-modelling: 12 (50 minutes)
12 (50 minutes)FT: 14 (90 minutes)
Psychotherapy: 30 (50 minutes)
Treatment length5 to 8 weeks5 to 8 weeks6 to 8 weeks6 to 8 weeks36 weeks
Length of follow-up1 to 12 months1 month1 month1 month9 months
Age9–17 years10–16 years10–14 years10–14 years9–15 years

From: 6, Psychological treatment of depression in children and young people

Cover of Depression in Children and Young People
Depression in Children and Young People: Identification and Management in Primary, Community and Secondary Care.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 28.
National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (UK).
Leicester (UK): British Psychological Society; 2005.
Copyright © 2005, The British Psychological Society & The Royal College of Psychiatrists.

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