Evidence statements

Level of evidenceEvidence statement
Level 4There is insufficient evidence to determine the effectiveness and safety of either physical interventions or seclusion for the short-term management of disturbed/violent behaviour in psychiatric in-patient settings.
Level 4There is insufficient evidence to determine the effectiveness or acceptability of pain compliance as a technique for the short-term management of disturbed/violent behaviour in psychiatric in-patient settings.

From: 7, Methods and findings

Cover of Violence
Violence: The Short-Term Management of Disturbed/Violent Behaviour in In-Patient Psychiatric Settings and Emergency Departments.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 25.
National Collaborating Centre for Nursing and Supportive Care (UK).
Copyright © 2006, Royal College of Nursing.

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic,mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise,without prior permission of the Publishers or a licence permitting restricted copying issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency, 90 Tottenham Court Road, London W1T 4LP. This publication may not be lent, resold, hired out or otherwise disposed of by ways of trade in any form of binding or cover other than that in which it is published,without the prior consent of the Publishers.

PubMed Health. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.