Table 3Example evidence profile for brief psychological interventions

Forest plotDescriptionStudy IdsQualityConsistencyDirectness (all 100% BPD)Other factorsN treatment group/N controlEffect size (SMD)Absolute statistic (WMD)Likelihood of clinically important effectOverall quality
Anxiety Measures
Psych 03.0101 HADS anxietyTyrer 2003 MACTSIGN 1++N/ASparse data (−1)31/33SMD = 0.01 (−0.48, 0.5)WMD = 0.06 (−2.29, 2.41)UnlikelyModerate
Depression measures
Psych 03.0201 MADRS (MACT vs TAU)Tyrer 2003 MACTSIGN 1++N/ASparse, skewed and inconclusive data (−2)31/33SMD = 0.07 (−0.42, 0.56)WMD = 0.74 (−4.42, 5.9)InconclusiveVery low
Psych 03.0202 HADS depression (MACT vs TAU)Tyrer 2003 MACTSIGN 1++N/ASparse, skewed and inconclusive data (−2)31/33SMD = 0.12 (−0.37, 0.61)WMD = 0.69 (−2.12, 3.5)InconclusiveVery low
 Self-harm and suicidal acts (reported together) (continuous)
Psych 03.0401 Self-harm and suicidal acts reported togetherWeinberg 2006 MACTSIGN 1+N/ASparse and skewed data (−1)15/13SMD = −0.88 (−1.67, −0.1)WMD = −3.03 (−5.68, −0.38)Likely (favouring treatment)Moderate
Psych 03.0402 Self-harm and suicidal acts reported together (6-month follow-up)Weinberg 2006 MACTSIGN 1+N/ASparse, skewed and inconclusive data (−2)15/15SMD = −0.51 (−1.24, 0.22)WMD = −4.71 (−11.16, 1.74)InconclusiveVery low
 Self-harm measures (dichotomous)
Psych 03.0501 No. with >=1 episode of parasuicideTyrer 2003 MACTSIGN 1+N/ASparse data (−1)34/36RR = 0.97 (0.88, 1.07)94%UnlikelyModerate


Cover of Borderline Personality Disorder
Borderline Personality Disorder: Treatment and Management.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 78.
National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (UK).
Leicester (UK): British Psychological Society; 2009.
Copyright © 2009, The British Psychological Society & The Royal College of Psychiatrists.

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers. Enquiries in this regard should be directed to the British Psychological Society.

PubMed Health. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.