HbA1c

The predominant form of glycated haemoglobin, present in red blood cells, and formed when the normal haemoglobin A reacts non-enzymatically with glucose. As the reaction is slow and only concentration dependent, the amount of HbA1c formed is proportional only to the concentration of HbA and glucose. As HbA remains in the circulation for around 3 months, the amount of HbA1c present, expressed as a percentage of HbA, is proportional to the glucose concentration over that time.