Apgar score

A scoring system devised by Dr Virginia Apgar (1909–74) based on five criteria (heart rate, respiration, colour, muscle tone and response to stimulation) and used as a marker of a newborn baby’s need for resuscitation at birth. A score of 0, 1 or 2 is awarded for each criterion, with a total score out of ten. The score is assessed at 1 and 5 minutes after birth.