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Lin JS, O’Connor E, Whitlock EP, et al. Behavioral Counseling to Promote Physical Activity and a Healthful Diet to Prevent Cardiovascular Disease in Adults: Update of the Evidence for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force [Internet]. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US); 2010 Dec. (Evidence Syntheses, No. 79.)

Appendix AAbbreviations and Search Strategies

Search Strategies

Systematic Reviews

Databases: CDSR, DARE, PubMed, IOM, NICE, AHRQ, Clinical Evidence

Search Dates: 2001 to July 2008

Healthy diet counseling

  1. diet[ti] OR dietary[ti]
  2. “Food Habits”[Mesh] OR “Diet, Reducing”[Mesh] OR “Diet”[Mesh:NoExp] OR “Diet, Fat-Restricted”[Mesh]
  3. “Fruit”[Mesh:NoExp] OR “Vegetables”[Mesh:NoExp]
  4. Dietary Fats”[Mesh:NoExp]
  5. #1 OR #2 OR #3 OR #4
  6. “Health Behavior”[Mesh:NoExp] OR “Health Promotion”[Mesh:NoExp] OR “Health Education”[Mesh:NoExp]
  7. counsel*[tiab]
  8. “Patient Education as Topic”[Mesh] OR “Counseling”[Mesh:NoExp] OR “Directive Counseling”[Mesh]
  9. “Behavior Therapy”[Mesh:NoExp]
  10. interventions[tiab] AND behavi*[tiab]
  11. #6 OR #7 OR #8 OR #9 OR #10
  12. #5 AND #11
  13. “dietary education”[tiab]
  14. “diet education”[tiab]
  15. nutrition education”[tiab]
  16. #12 OR #13 OR #14 OR #15
  17. #16 AND systematic[sb]
  18. diet[tiab] OR dietary[tiab]
  19. counsel*[tiab] OR (behavi*[tiab] AND change*[tiab]) OR motivational*[tiab] OR (behavi*[tiab] AND interventions[tiab])
  20. #18 AND #19
  21. “diet interventions”[tiab]
  22. “dietary interventions”[tiab]
  23. “nutrition interventions”[tiab]
  24. obesity prevention interventions”[tiab]
  25. #20 OR #21 OR #22 OR #23 OR #24
  26. #25 AND systematic[sb]
  27. #26 AND (in process [sb] OR publisher [sb] OR pubmednotmedline [sb])
  28. #17 OR #27
  29. #28 AND (Limits: Publication Date from 2001 to 2008, English)

Physical activity counseling

  1. “physical activity”[ti]
  2. Exercise”[Mesh:NoExp] OR “Motor Activity”[Mesh:NoExp] OR “Physical Fitness”[Mesh]
  3. #1 OR #2
  4. (“Health Behavior”[Mesh:NoExp] OR “Health Promotion”[Mesh:NoExp]) OR “Health Education”[Mesh:NoExp]
  5. (“Patient Education as Topic”[Mesh] OR “Counseling”[Mesh:NoExp]) OR “Directive Counseling”[Mesh]
  6. counsel*[tiab]
  7. “Behavior Therapy”[Mesh:NoExp]
  8. interventions[tiab] AND behavi*[tiab]
  9. #4 OR #5 OR #6 OR #7 OR #8
  10. #3 AND #9
  11. #10 AND systematic[sb]
  12. “physical activity”[tiab] OR exercise[tiab]
  13. counsel*[tiab] OR (behavi*[tiab] AND change*[tiab]) OR motivational*[tiab] OR (behavi*[tiab] AND interventions[tiab])
  14. #12 AND #13
  15. “physical activity interventions”[tiab]
  16. obesity prevention interventions”[tiab]
  17. #14 OR #15 OR #16
  18. #17 AND systematic[sb]
  19. #18 AND (in process [sb] OR publisher [sb] OR pubmednotmedline [sb])
  20. #11 OR #19
  21. #20 AND (Limits: Publication Date from 2001 to 2008, English)

Full Literature Search

Databases: MEDLINE, CCRCT, PsycINFO

Search Dates: 2001 through January 2010

  1. Diet, Reducing
  2. Diet, Fat-Restricted
  3. Diet, Mediterranean
  4. Diet, Sodium-Restricted
  5. Diet, Carbohydrate-Restricted
  6. Caloric Restriction
  7. Fruit
  8. Vegetables
  9. Diet Therapy
  10. Food Habits
  11. Motor Activity
  12. Physical Fitness
  13. Walking
  14. physical activit$.ti.
  15. 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 or 7 or 8 or 9 or 10 or 11 or 12 or 13 or 14 or 15 or 16
  16. Counseling
  17. Directive Counseling
  18. “Behavior-Therapy
  19. Cognitive Therapy
  20. counsel?ing.ti,ab.
  21. advice.ti,ab.
  22. behavio?r$ change$.ti,ab.
  23. behavio?r$ modification$.ti,ab.
  24. “Referral and Consultation”
  25. Persuasive Communication
  26. Social Control, Informal
  27. Risk Reduction Behavior
  28. Life Style
  29. Motivation
  30. Social Support
  31. Feedback, Psychological
  32. Self Efficacy
  33. Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  34. Health Behavior
  35. Health Education
  36. Health Promotion
  37. Patient Education as Topic
  38. insulin.ti,ab,hw.
  39. lipid$.ti,ab,hw.
  40. cardiovascular.ti,ab,hw.
  41. glucose.ti,ab,hw.
  42. body mass index.ti,ab,hw.
  43. bmi.ti,ab,hw.
  44. coronary.ti,ab,hw.
  45. Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated
  46. hemoglobin a1c.ti,ab.
  47. lipoprotein$.ti,ab,hw.
  48. triglyceride$.ti,ab,hw.
  49. hypertension.ti,ab,hw.
  50. body weight.ti,ab,hw.
  51. hyperlipidemia$.ti,ab,hw.
  52. blood pressure.ti,ab,hw.
  53. cholesterol$.ti,ab,hw.
  54. diabet$.ti,ab,hw.
  55. 18 or 19 or 20 or 21 or 22 or 23 or 24 or 25 or 26 or 27 or 28 or 29 or 30 or 31 or 32 or 33 or 34 or 35 or 36 or 37 or 38 or 39 or 40 or 41 or 42 or 43 or 44 or 45 or 46 or 47 or 48 or 49 or 50 or 51 or 52 or 53 or 54 or 55 or 56
  56. 17 and 57 (42846)
  57. limit 58 to (clinical trial or controlled clinical trial or meta analysis or randomized controlled trial)
  58. clinical trials as topic/ or controlled clinical trials as topic/ or randomized controlled trials as topic/
  59. Meta-Analysis as Topic
  60. (control$ adj3 trial$).ti,ab.
  61. random$.ti,ab.
  62. 60 or 61 or 62 or 63 or 64
  63. 58 and 65
  64. 59 or 66
  65. limit 67 to “all child (0 to 18 years)”
  66. limit 67 to “all adult (19 plus years)”
  67. 68 not 69
  68. 67 not 70
  69. limit 71 to animals
  70. limit 71 to humans
  71. 72 not 73
  72. 71 not 74
  73. limit 75 to english language
  74. limit 76 to yr= “2001 – 2009”
  75. (harm or harms or harmful or harmed).ti,ab.
  76. (risky behavior$ or risky behaviour$).ti,ab.
  77. (adverse effects or mortality).fs.
  78. Mortality
  79. Morbidity
  80. death
  81. Athletic injuries
  82. nutritional defici$.ti,ab.
  83. (death or deaths).ti,ab.
  84. fracture$.ti,ab,hw.
  85. cardiovascular.ti,ab,hw.
  86. 78 or 79 or 80 or 81 or 82 or 83 or 84 or 85 or 86 or 87 or 88 or 89
  87. 58 and 90
  88. case-control studies/ or cohort studies/ or longitudinal studies/ or follow-up studies/ or prospective studies/
  89. case control$.ti,ab.
  90. cohort.ti,ab.
  91. longitudinal.ti,ab.
  92. (follow-up or followup).ti,ab.
  93. prospective$.ti,ab.
  94. (comparison group$ or control group$).ti,ab.
  95. observational.ti,ab.
  96. retrospective studies
  97. retrospective$.ti,ab.
  98. database$.ti,ab.
  99. nonrandomi$.ti,ab.
  100. population$.ti,ab.
  101. 92 or 93 or 94 or 95 or 96 or 97 or 98 or 99 or 100 or 101 or 102 or 103 or 104
  102. 91 and 105
  103. limit 106 to “all child (0 to 18 years)”
  104. limit 106 to “all adult (19 plus years)”
  105. 107 not 108
  106. 106 not 109
  107. limit 110 to animals
  108. limit 110 to humans
  109. 111 not 112
  110. 110 not 113
  111. limit 114 to english language
  112. limit 115 to yr= “2001 – 2010”
  113. 77 or 116

Abbreviations

AARP

American Association of Retired Persons

ACSM

American College of Sports Medicine

AHA

American Health Association

AHSPAQ

Auckland Heart Study Physical Activity Questionnaire

BMI

Body Mass Index

CG

Control Group

CHAMPS

Community Healthy Activities Model Program for Seniors

CI

Confidence Interval

CONSORT

Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials

DBP

Diastolic Blood Pressure

FAD

5 A Day for Better Health Program

HDL

High-Density Lipoproteins

IG

Intervention Group

IPAQ

International Physical Activity Questionnaire

LDL

Low-Density Lipoproteins

MET

Metabolic Equivalent

MI

Motivational Interview

NCIF

National Cancer Institute Fruit and Vegetable Screener, All Day

NCIP

National Cancer Institute Fruit and Vegetable Screener, By Meal

NIA

National Institute on Aging

NR

Not Reported

NS

Not Significant

PAR

(Stanford 7-Day) Physical Activity Recall

PACE

Physician-Based Assessment and Counseling for Exercise

PASE

Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly

RCT

Randomized Controlled Trial

SD

Standard Deviation

SE

Standard Error

SBP

Systolic Blood Pressure

YPAS

Yale Physical Activity Survey

Cover of Behavioral Counseling to Promote Physical Activity and a Healthful Diet to Prevent Cardiovascular Disease in Adults
Behavioral Counseling to Promote Physical Activity and a Healthful Diet to Prevent Cardiovascular Disease in Adults: Update of the Evidence for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force [Internet].
Evidence Syntheses, No. 79.
Lin JS, O’Connor E, Whitlock EP, et al.

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