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National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health (UK). Urinary Tract Infection in Children: Diagnosis, Treatment and Long-term Management. London: RCOG Press; 2007 Aug. (NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 54.)

Abbreviations

APN

acute pyelonephritis

ARR

absolute risk reduction

ASB

asymptomatic bacteriuria

CAT

computed axial tomography

CCT

controlled clinical trial

CER

control event rate

cfu

colony-forming unit

CI

confidence interval

CKD

chronic kidney disease

CRF

chronic renal failure

CRP

C-reactive protein

CT

computed tomography

CUS

cystourethrosonography

CVU

clean voided urine

DES

dysfunctional elimination syndrome

df

degrees of freedom

DMSA

dimercaptosuccinic acid

DOR

diagnostic odds ratio

DRC

direct radionuclide cystography

EDTA

European Dialysis and Transplant Association

eGFR

estimated glomerular filtration rate

EL

evidence level

EQA

external quality assurance

ERF

established renal failure

ESR

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

ESRD

end-stage renal disease

GDG

Guideline Development Group

GFR

glomerular filtration rate

GP

general practitioner

GPP

good practice point

hpf

high power field

HTA

Health Technology Appraisal

ICD

international classification of diseases

IL-1ß

interleukin 1 beta

IL-6

interleukin 6

IM

intramuscular

IQA

internal quality assurance

IQR

interquartile range

IRC

indirect radionuclide cystogram

IV

intravenous

IVP

intravenous pyelogram

IVU

intravenous urogram

LE

leucocyte esterase

LR+

positive likelihood ratio

LR−

negative likelihood ratio

MAG3

mercaptoacetyltriglycine

MCUG

micturating cystourethrogram

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

NAG

N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase

NCC-WCH

National Collaborating Centre for Women’s and Children’s Health

NHS

National Health Service

NICE

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence

NMB

net monetary benefit

NNH

number needed to harm

NNT

number needed to treat

NPV

negative predictive value

NSF

National Service Framework

OR

odds ratio

PCT

primary care trust

PDU

power Doppler ultrasonography/ultrasound

PHLS

Public Health Laboratory Service

pmp

per million population

PPIP

Patient and Public Involvement Programme

PPV

positive predictive value

QALY

quality-adjusted life year

QOF

Quality and Outcomes Framework

RCGP

Royal College of General Practitioners

RCP

Royal College of Physicians

RCPCH

Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health

RCT

randomised controlled trial

RN

reflux nephropathy

ROC

receiver operating characteristic

RR

relative risk (or risk ratio)

RRT

renal replacement therapy

SD

standard deviation

SIGN

Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network

SPA

suprapubic aspiration

SROC

summary receiver operating characteristic

STING

submucosal Teflon injection

TNF-α

tumour necrosis factor alpha

UK

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

US

ultrasound

USA

United States of America

UTI

urinary tract infection

VCUG

voiding cystourethrogram

VUR

vesicoureteric reflux

VUS

voiding urosonography

WBC

white blood cell

WHO

World Health Organization

WMD

weighted mean difference

WTP

willingness to pay

Copyright © 2007, National Collaborating Centre for Women’s and Children’s Health.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher or, in the case of reprographic reproduction, in accordance with the terms of licences issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency in the UK [www.cla.co.uk]. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside the terms stated here should be sent to the publisher at the UK address printed on this page.

The use of registered names, trademarks, etc. in this publication does not imply, even in the absence of a specific statement, that such names are exempt from the relevant laws and regulations and therefore for general use.

Cover of Urinary Tract Infection in Children
Urinary Tract Infection in Children: Diagnosis, Treatment and Long-term Management.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 54.
National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health (UK).
London: RCOG Press; 2007 Aug.

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