Table 6.66Symptoms: stiffness

Stiffness outcomeReferenceInterventionAssessment timeOutcome/effect size
Knee
Insoles
WOMAC stiffness1 MA (Brouwer et al. 2005) 1 RCT, N=147Laterally wedged insole vs neutrally wedged insole1 month, 3 months and 6 months follow-upNS
WOMAC stiffness1 RCT (Pham et al. 2004) (N=156)Laterally wedged insole vs neutrally wedged insole2 years (end of treatment)NS
Shoes
WOMAC stiffness (change from baseline)1 RCT (Nigg et al. 2006) (N=125)MBT shoe vs high-end walking shoe12 weeks (end of treatment)NS

From: 6, Non-pharmacological management of osteoarthritis

Cover of Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis: National Clinical Guideline for Care and Management in Adults.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 59.
National Collaborating Centre for Chronic Conditions (UK).
Copyright © 2008, Royal College of Physicians of London.

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