PubMed Health. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.

Shipman S, Helfand M, Nygren P, et al. Screening for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip [Internet]. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US); 2006 Mar. (Evidence Syntheses, No. 42.)

Appendix 2. Search Strategies

Database: MEDLINE (1966 to January 2005)

Screening and Adverse Effects of Screening

Screening

1.

exp Hip Dislocation, Congenital/pa, di, ra, ri, us

2.

exp “Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures”/

3.

exp Hip Dislocation, Congenital/

4.

2 and 3

5.

1 or 4

6.

exp “Sensitivity and Specificity”/

7.

5 and 6

8.

limit 7 to (English language and all child <0 to 18 years>)

Cost analysis

9.

exp “Costs and Cost Analysis”/

10.

5 and 9

11.

exp Hip Dislocation, Congenital/ec

12.

10 or 11

13.

limit 12 to (English language and all child <0 to 18 years>)

Age of child and frequency of screening

14.

exp Age Factors/

15.

5 and 14

16.

exp time factors/

17.

5 and 16

18.

15 or 17

19.

limit 18 to (English language and all child <0 to 18 years>)

Risk of DDH

20.

exp RISK/

21.

5 and 20

22.

limit 21 to (English language and all child <0 to 18 years>)

Diagnostic errors of screening

23.

exp Diagnostic Errors/

24.

5 and 23

25.

limit 24 to (English language and all child <0 to 18

Educational level and training of screener

26.

family physician$.mp. or exp Physicians, Family/

27.

primary care.mp. or exp Primary Health Care/exp NURSES/ or exp NURSE'S ROLE/ or exp

28.

NURSES' AIDES/ or exp nursing care/

29.

exp Pediatrics/ or pediatrician$.mp.

30.

exp physician assistants/ or physican assistant$.mp.

31.

26 or 27 or 28 or 29 or 30

32.

5 and 31

33.

limit 32 to (English language and all child <0 to 18 years>)

Adverse effects of screening

34.

(adverse$ adj5 effect$).mp.

35.

5 and 34

36.

exp “Wounds and Injuries”/et

37.

5 and 36

38.

35 or 37

39.

limit 38 to (English language and all child <0 to 18 years>)

Types of studies

40.

Comparative Study/

41.

exp Evaluation Studies/

42.

exp Epidemiologic Studies/

43.

40 or 41 or 42

44.

5 and 43

45.

limit 44 to (English language and all child <0 to 18

Age limit

46.

limit 44 to (English language and all infant <birth to 23 months>)

Barlow

1.

barlow.tw.

2.

ortolani.mp.

3.

1 or 2

4.

(hip or dysplas$ or cdh or congenit$).mp.

5.

3 and 4

6.

limit 5 to human

7.

limit 6 to english language

8.

limit 6 to abstracts

9.

7 or 8

10.

from 9 keep 1–64

Outcomes, Interventions, and Adverse Effects of Interventions

Outcomes

1.

exp Hip Dislocation, Congenital/nu, pc, dt, rh, su, th

2.

exp “Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care)”/

3.

1 and 2

4.

limit 3 to (English language and all child <0 to 18 years>)

Age of child

5.

exp Age Factors/

6.

1 and 5

7.

limit 6 to (English language and all child <0 to 18 years>)

Types of studies

8.

Comparative Study/

9.

exp Evaluation Studies/

10.

exp Epidemiologic Studies/

11.

8 or 9 or 10

12.

1 and 11

13.

limit 12 to (English language and all child <0 to 18 years>)

Surgical vs. non-surgical

14.

exp Hip Dislocation, Congenital/nu, pc, dt, rh, th

15.

2 and 14

16.

limit 15 to (English language and all child <0 to 18 years>)

17.

exp Hip Dislocation, Congenital/su

18.

2 and 17

19.

limit 17 to (English language and all child <0 to 18 years>)

Time factors, diagnoses, and outcomes

20.

exp Time Factors/

21.

exp Hip Dislocation, Congenital/pa, di, ra, ri, us

22.

exp Hip Dislocation, Congenital/

23.

exp diagnosis/

24.

22 and 23

25.

21 or 24

26.

17 and (5 or 20) and 25

27.

limit 26 to (English language and all child <0 to 18 years>)

Adverse effects of interventions

28.

(adverse$ adj5 effect$).mp.

29.

1 and 28

30.

exp “Wounds and Injuries”/et

31.

1 and 30

32.

29 or 31

33.

limit 32 to (English language and all child <0 to 18 years>)

Pavlik

1.

pavlik.tw.

2.

(hip or dysplas$ or cdh or congenit$).mp.

3.

1 and 2

4.

limit 3 to human

5.

limit 4 to english language

6.

limit 4 to abstracts

7.

5 or 6

8.

from 7 keep 1–129

Classification and Differential Diagnosis of DDH

1.

exp Hip Dislocation, Congenital/cl [Classification]

2.

exp Hip Dislocation, Congenital/

3.

diagnosis, differential/

4.

2 and 3

5.

1 or 4

6.

limit 5 to (English language and all child <0 to 18 years>)

Cochrane Databases

Searched the keyword “hip dysplasia” through June 2004 in the following databases:

  • Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials
  • Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
  • Cochrane DSR, ACP Journal Club, and DARE

Automatic Updates

Weekly updates for key question's 2,3,4 combined

Weekly updates for key question's 2,3,4,5,6 combined

Cover of Screening for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
Screening for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip [Internet].
Evidence Syntheses, No. 42.
Shipman S, Helfand M, Nygren P, et al.

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