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Partial exchange transfusion to prevent neurodevelopmental disability in infants with polycythemia

Polycythemia is a condition in which there are too many red blood cells in the blood circulation. Polycythemia may occur with many different conditions. Some of the babies affected by polycythemia include those born after 42 weeks (post‐term), small for gestational age (SGA )/intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR ), identical twins who share the same placenta and develop twin to twin transfusion, infants of diabetic mothers, and those with chromosomal abnormalities. Mild polycythemia may not cause problems. However, too many red blood cells can make the blood "viscous', making it harder to circulate through the vessels and to the organs and cause complications.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2010

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